West Bali National Park


Gov.RegulationDecree of the Minister of Forestry No. 493/Kpts-II/1995
DateSeptember 15, 1995
Large (Hektar)19.002,89
Technical implementation UnitBalai Taman Nasional Bali Barat
NoteThe history of the West Bali National Park dates from 24 March 1911, when a German biologist, Dr. Baron Stressman, landed in the vicinity of Singaraja because the Maluku II Expedition ship that was aboard was damaged.

Baron Stressman lived in this region for 3 months. Through unintentional research, he found a rare endemic bird species, the Bali leucopsar rothschildi in Bubunan Village, about 50 km from Singaraja.

Further research was conducted by Dr. Baron Viktor von Plesen, who concluded that the Jalak Bali deployment only covers Bubunan Village up to Gilimanuk, which is an area of ​​+ 320 km2.

Because the population of Bali starlings when it is fairly rare, then in 1928, 5 starlings bali brought to England and successfully breed in 1931. Then in 1962, Sandiego Zoo in the United States is also rumored to have been breeding this bird.

In addition to bali starlings, other rare animals that live in this national park is a Bali tiger.

To protect these endangered animals, the Council of Kings in Bali issued Decree No. E / I / 4/5/47 dated August 13, 1947 which establishes the area of ​​Banyuwedang Forest with an area of ​​19,365.6 ha as Natural Protected Garden (Natuur Park) whose status is similar to wildlife reserve.
After Indonesia’s independence, through the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture no. 169 / Kpts / Um / 3/1978 dated March 10, 1978, the area consisting of West Bali Wildlife Sanctuary, Menjangan Island, Bird Island, Kalong Island and Gadung Island was designated as West Bali Nature Reserve with a total area of ​​19,558.8 ha.

In 1984, West Bali Nature Reserve was designated as West Bali National Park with an area of ​​19,558.8 ha.

However, since some of these national parks (3,979.91 ha) are restricted production forest areas, which are under the authority of the Forestry Service, through the Decree of the Minister of Forestry no. 493 / Kpts-II / 1995 dated 15 September 1995, and the national park area became 19,002.89 ha, consisting of 15,587.89 ha of land area and 3,415 ha of water area.

West Bali National Park consists of various forest and savanna habitats. In the middle of this park is dominated by the remains of four volcanoes from the Pleistocene, with Patas mountain as the highest point in this place.


  1. Kabupaten Jembrana
  2. Kabupaten Buleleng
District1.1 Melaya; 1.2 Negara; 1.3 Mendoyo

2.1 Gerokgak; 2.2 Seririt



Elevation (mDpl)
0-1.414 mdpl
The area of West Bali National Park and its surroundings has a topography of the area which consists of a plateau (mostly flat), rather steep.
While based on the Land Map of Bali Island scale of 1: 250.000 (Land Rehabilitation and Soil Conservation Area, Pancoran Watershed, Teluk Terima, Balingkang Anyar Unda and Sema Bor) 1984 Geological formation, Bali Barat National Park consists mostly of Latosol.
The soil of Latosol is a bit red color with clay texture until it is crumbled, the structure is crumb until the lump is weak so if it is hit by rain it will be sticky but if the condition of drought the soil becomes hard and cracked.
Climate type D, E, C (Schmit&Ferguson)
rate 33′ C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…



Mountain Prapat Agung (± 310 mdpl); Mountain Banyuwedang(± 430 mdpl); Mountain Klatakan (±698 mdpl); Mountain Sangiang(± 1002 mdpl)
watershed of Pancoran; River Labuan Lalang; River Teluk Terima; River Trenggulun; River Bajra / Klatakan; River Melaya; River Sangiang Gede


IdentificationThis national park has 175 species of plants and 14 species of which are rare plants such as bayur (Pterospermum javanicum), ketangi (Lagerstroemia speciosa), burahol (Stelechocarpus burahol), sandalwood/cendana (Santalum album), and sonokeling (Dalbergia latifolia).

more search required …?

Overview of flora in Bali
Tree===> click here
Non Tree===> click here
Coral===> click here


Endemikjalak bali (Leucopsar rothschildi)
IdentificationBirds: Besides having endemic and endangered birds of Bali (Bali Leafopsar rothschildi), there are other bird species such as white starling (Sturnus melanopterus), tercheuk (Pycnonotus goiavier), and black white head ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus).

Mammals: bull (Bos javanicus javanicus), deer (Muntiacus muntjak nainggolani), mongoose (Pardofelis marmorata), pangolin (Manis javanica), hedgehog (Hystrix brachyura brachyura), and mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus javanicus).

Coral: Halimeda macroloba, Chromis spp., Balistes spp., Zebrasoma spp., And Ypsiscarus ovifrons;

Fish: 32 species of fish including flag fish (Platax pinnatus), conscious fish (Siganus lineatus), and barracuda (Sphyraena jello);

Invertebrates & Non Fish: 9 types of marine mollusks such as southern kima (Tridacna derasa), triton trumpet (Charonia tritonis), and giant clam (Tridacna gigas).

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in Bali
Amfibian===> click here
Bird===> click here
Fish===> click here
Insect===> click here
Mammalia===> click here
Primata===> click here
Reptil===> click here
Invetebrata===> click here


  1. pesona.indonesia.travel; Juli 2017
  2. id.wikipedia.org; Juli 2017
  3. jawarapost.ga; Juli 2017
  4. wisatabaliutara.com; Juli 2017
  1. Draft ringkasan Lokasi TN. Bali Barat; oleh Istiyarto Ismu (link: rareplanet.org)
  2. HERPETOFAUNA DI TAMAN NASIONAL BALI BARAT; oleh Awal Riyanto & Mumpuni 2013 (link: drive.google.com)
  3. ANALISIS SEJARAH DAN PENDEKATAN SENTRALISASI DALAM PENGELOLAAN TAMAN NASIONAL BALI BARAT; oleh Amir Mahmud, Arif Satria, & Rilus A. Kinseng 2015 (link: drive.google.com)
  5. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  6. …?

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