Teluk Cendrawasih Marine National Park


Gov.RegulationDecree of the minister of Forestry No 8009/Kpts-II/2002
DateAgustus 29,2002
Large (Hektar)1.453.500,00
Technical implementation UnitBalai Taman Nasional Teluk Cenderawasih
NoteCenderawasih Bay National Park is the largest marine national park in Indonesia. The total area included in Teluk Wondama Regency is about 80 percent of the total of Teluk Cenderawasih National Park as a whole. This national park is located in Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua province. Cendrawasih Bay National Park covers the islands of Mioswaar, Nusrowi, Roon, Rumberpon and Yoop.

The Cenderawasih Bay area was designated as a marine reserve area in 1990 through a decree of the Minister of Forestry No. 58 / Kpts-II / 1990. Then declared as Cendrawasih Bay National Park with an area of ​​1,453,500 ha with the decree of the minister of forestry No. 448 / Menhut-Vi / 1990. In 1993 officially designated as Cendrawasih Bay National Park based on the decree of the minister of forestry number: 472 / Menhut-II / 1993. The newly designated Cendrawasih Bay National Park area became one of the national parks in Indonesia in 2002 with a decree of the minister of forestry No. 8009 / Kpts-II / 2002, dated August 29, 2002.

The Park area consists of land and coastal (0.9%), mainland islands (3.8%), coral reef (5.5%), and ocean waters (89.8%).

The area of ​​Teluk Cenderawasih National Park stretches from the Auri archipelago from the east of Cape Kwatisore in the south to the north on Rumberpon Island.

Included within 500 km of Papua Induk Island coastline with coral reefs and coastal areas and coral reefs from the 18 islands within the core zone, protective zone and limited utilization zone. The 18 islands are: Nuburi Island, Papaya, Nutabari, Kumbur, Anggromeos, Kabuoi, Rorado, Kuwom, Matas, Rouw, Iwaru, Rumarakon, Nusambier, Maransabadi, Nukup, Paison, Numerai, and Wairundi.


ProvincePapua Barat
  1. Kabupaten Teluk Wondama
  2. Kabupaten Nabire
District1.1 Kecamatan Duairi; 1.2 Kecamatan Wasior; 1.3 Kecamatan Wondiboy; 1.4 Kecamatan Rasiey

2.1 Kecamatan Teluk Umar



Elevation (mDpl)
area of land and water within the Park area can be detailed as follows:
Mainland = 68,200 Ha, consisting of:
Coastal Coast = 12,400 Ha (0,9%)
Mainland The islands = 55,800 Ha (3.8%)
Waters / seas = 1.385.300 Ha,
consists of:
Coral Reef = 80,000 Ha (5.5%)
Sea = 1.305.300 Ha (89.8%)
type climate …?(Schmit&Ferguson)
-; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …


Mt. Wondiboy


IdentificationDominated by several types of mangroves (Rhizophora sp., Avicennia sp., Bruguiera sp., Sonneratia sp., Ceriops sp.), Nipah (Nypa fructican), sagu (Metroxylon sp.), Pandan (Pandanus sp.), Casuarina equisetifolia), ketapang (Terminalia catapa), Xylocarpus granatum, and others.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in West Papua
Tree===> click here
Non tree===> click here
Coral===> click here


IdentificationFish: Known fish species to date as many as 209 species from 65 families. The fish can be grouped in broad outline into fish estuary, mangrove forest fish, reef fish, and pelagis fish. The types of reef fish that are often found are butterfly fish, angelfish, damselfish, parrotfish, rabbitfish, anemonefish, surgeanfish, triggerfish, and several other types. There are types of fish of economic value, such as snapper (Lutjanida), grouper (Serranida), kuweh (Carangida), mackerel species (Scromberomorus sp.), Skipjack (Katsuwonus sp.), Tuna (Eythumnus sp.), napoleon fish (Chellinus undulatus ruppell), large parrotfish (bumphead parrotfish, Bolbomethopon nuricatum), pearl eagle rays (Aetobatus narinari), manta rays (Manta birostris), reef whitetip sharks (Triaenodon obesus), blacktip sharks (Charcarinus melanopterus). .

Recorded molluscs consisted of 196 species of 3 classes and 56 families, with details: from the Gastropoda class or 153 species of snakes, 40 species of bivalves (double or shell molluscs) and 3 types of Cephalopods. Among the types of molluscs that are protected include: from the family Tridacnidae, namely Kima Giant (Tridacna gigas), Big Kima (Tridacna maxima), Kima Tapak Kuda (Hippopus hippopus), and Kima Hole (Tridacna coreacea); from the family Cymatidae, Triton Trumpet (Charonia tritonis); from the family of Cassidae, namely Kima Kepala Kambing (Cassis cornuta); from the family Trochidae, namely Lola (Trochus niloticus); and from the family Trubinidae, namely Batu Laga (Turbo marmoratus), coconut husk (Birgus latro), …

Reptiles: Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas), Hawkskin Whisker (Lephidochelys olivaceae), and Leatherback Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), crocodile crocodile (Crocodylus porosus)

Mammals: Dugongs (Dugong Dugon), Bottleneck dolphins (Delphinus delphinus), blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus),

Birds: Of the approximately 37 species of birds found in the national tamam area, 18 species are protected. The protected species include: Sea Eagles (Heliaectus leucogaster) and Junai Mas (Chaloenas nicobarica). As for terrestrial fauna, of 183 known species, 37 of them are protected …

more search required …?

overview of fauna in West Papua
Amfibian===> click here
Bird===> click here
Fish===> click here
Insect===> click here
Mammalia===> click here
Primata===> click here
Reptil===> click here
Invertebrata===> click here


  1.; September 2017
  2.; September 2017
  3.; September 2017
  4.; September 2017
  5.; September 2017
  6.; September 2017 
  1. …?
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (
  2. PAPUA BARAT DALAM ANGKA 2015; Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Papua Barat (
  3. PROFIL KAWASAN KONSERVASI PROVINSI PAPUA – PAPUA BARAT; Direktorat Konservasi Kawasan dan Jenis Ikan, Direktorat Jenderal Kelautan, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan, 2015 (
  4. Laporan Akuntabiltas Kinerja Instansi Pemerintah ( LAKIP ) Tahun 2015
    Balai Besar Taman Nasional Teluk Cenderawasih; (
  5. POTENSI KOLABORASI DALAM PENGELOLAAN TAMAN NASIONAL TELUK CENDERAWASIH DI PAPUA; Aji Winara, Balai Penelitian Teknologi Agroforestry; Abdullah Syarief Mukhtar, Pusat Litbang Konservasi dan Rehabilitasi; 2011 (
  6. Peduli Pulau-Pulau Kecil: Lindungi Habitat Kuskus (Phalangeridae) di Teluk Cenderawasih; Freddy Pattiselanno & Jimmy Frans Wanma, Wetlands International, 2014 (

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