|Gov.Regulation||Decree of the Minister of Forestry No 423/Menhut-II/2004|
|Technical implementation Unit||Balai Taman Nasional Sebangau|
|Note||Sebangau National Park is one of the largest conservation area of peat swamp in Indonesia which has the main function according to the Law no.5 of 1990 on the Conservation of Biological Natural Resources and its Ecosystem namely:|
Protection of life support system
Preservation of the diversity of plants and animals and their ecosystems
Sustainable use of biological natural resources and their ecosystems.
Prior to becoming a National Park, Sebangau area was a concession area that was active around the early 1970s until the mid-1990s. After the HPH companies have ceased operations, illegal logging activities by communities are rife in Sebnagau. Timber extraction, either by some logging companies or by illegal logging activities by the community is rampant in Sebangau area. Timber extraction, either by some logging companies or by illegal logging activities by digging trenches / canals in Sebangau Peat Swamp Forest, greatly threatens the integrity of the Sebangau ecosystem. This will result in Sebangau Peat Swamp Forest Area losing water and can damage its hydrological function, and cause drought during the dry season so it is easy to catch fire during the dry season. Several major fire incidents have occurred in Sebangau area in 1992, 1994, 1997, and 2002. There is almost always a small and sporadic hotspot incident in Sebangau Region, in almost every dry season each year.
Considering the damage and the Natural Potential that is in Sebangau Area, Supported by initiators from the World Wide Fund (WWF) Sunderland Biorigion to make the Sebangau River and Katingan River as Protected Areas in the Regency / City and Provincial Spatial Plans (RTRW). The Sebangau Forest located in three areas of Central Kalimantan namely Palangkaraya City, Pulang Pisau Regency and Katingan Regency are proposed to be protected areas in the spatial plan (RTRW) of Central Kalimantan Province and make Sebangau as a Conservation Area to be managed as a Sustainable Development area.
Sebangau National Park (TN.Sebangau) with an area of ± 568,700 Ha was appointed based on Minister of Forestry Decree No.SK.423 / Kpts-II / 2004 dated October 19, 2004.
- Kabupaten Pulang Pisau,
- Kabupaten Katingan,
- Kota Palangka Raya
|District||1.1 Kecamatan Sebangau Kuala(3.801 km2)|
2.1 Kecamatan Katingan Kuala,
2.2 Kecamatan Mendawai,
2.3 Kecamatan Kamipang,
2.4 Kecamatan Tasik Payawan(804 Km2)
3.1 Kecamatan Sabangau,
3.2 Kecamatan Jekan Raya
3.3 Kecamatan Bukit Batu
|Sebangau National Park area is largely categorized as flat with 2% slopes. Only in some places adjacent to the hills, among others, Jack Hill, Bukah Cinta birahi, Bukit Akah and some hills around it there is a steeper topography with an altitude> 35 masl.|
Sebangau National Park area is formed by alluvium sludge formation (Qa) which consists of:
- Sebangau physiography consists of alluvial land units forming swamp or floodplains and levee and peat dome peat units (ombrogen / oligotrophic peat) with fibric maturity level;
- River alluvium deposits and peat / organic matter;
- Deposition of black to blackish organic material with a depth of 12 m, forming a peat dome;
|type climate A (Schmit&Ferguson)|
|21’-33’C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …|
POTENTIAL BIOTIC AREA
|Watershed Katingan; Watershed Sebangau; Watershed Kahayan; River Kaki|
|Identification||Habitat is no less than 809 species of flora, belonging to 128 tribes, (16 species of which are not yet identified), with tribes dominating the Rubiaceae, Myrtaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Moraceae, Fabaceae, Cluasiacea, Cypera-ceae, Annonaceae and Lauraceae.|
The types of flora that grow in the National Park’s peat swamp areas are very specific and have high economic value both from wood products and non-timber products such as gums, rattan, medicines and so on. Some examples of high commercial timber species such as Ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), Javanese Meranti (Shorea pauciflora, Shorea tysmanniana, S.uluginosa), Jelutung (Dyera lowii), Nyatoh (Palaquium spp), Starur (Calophyllum spp), Lime Dragon (Calophyllum macrocarpum ) and others.
more search required …?
|Overview of flora in Central Borneo|
|Tree||===> click here|
|Non Tree||===> click here|
|Coral||===> click here|
|Identification||Mammals (35 species of mammals): Bears (Helarctos malayanus), clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Cat forest (Felis bengalensis), Cat stone (Felis marmorata), Cat head flat (Felis planiceps), Binturong (Arctitis binturong), Weasel tree (Arctogalidia trivirgata), Bajing (Exilisciurus axilis), Squirrel (Tupaia picta) …|
Primates: Owa (Hylobates agilis), Orang Utans (Pongo pygmaeus), Beruk (Macaca nemestrina), Sailors (Presbytis rubicunda), …
Bird: Cormorant Snake (Anhinga melanogaster), sea Heron (Ardea sumatrana), red Heron (A. purpurea), black kite (Ictinaetus malayensis), pergam (Ducula bicolor), white crested hornbill (Aceros comatus), hornbills mountain (A. undulatus), hornbills (Buceros vigil), stork swamp forest (Ciconia stormi), julang (Aceros corrugatos), hornbill rhinoceros (Buceros rhinoceros), stork tomtom (Leptoptilus javanicus), kite fire (Hirundo rustica), kite feathers (H. tahitica), baliang (horn bill).
Fish: fish cork (Channa striata), catfish (Clarias sp.), Bapuyu fish (Anabas testudineus), kakapar fish (Belontia hesselti), sambaling fish (Betta sp.) …
more search required …?
|Overview of fauna in Central Borneo|
|Amfibian||===> click here|
|Bird||===> click here|
|Fish||===> click here|
|Insect||===> click here|
|Mammalia||===> click here|
|Primata||===> click here|
|Reptil||===> click here|
|Invertebrata||===> click here|
- tnsebangau.com; Agustus 2017
- travel.kompas.com; Agustus 2017
- id.wikipedia.org; Agustus 2017
- Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
- PERATURAN GUBERNUR KALIMANTAN TENGAH NOMOR 41 TAHUN 2014 TENTANG PENGELOLAAN KAWASAN BERNILAI KONSERVASI TINGGI DALAM USAHA PERKEBUNAN DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TENGAH; Pemerintah Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah (Link: drive.google.com)
- Tata Guna Lahan di Kalimantan Tengah Menyatukan tujuan pembangunan dan keberlanjutan untuk optimalisasi lahan, CIFOR – Dialog Hutan (The Forests Dialogue/TFD); Kontributor: Sophia Gnych, CIFOR; Philip Wells, Daemeter; Neil Franklin, Daemeter; Godwin Limberg, Daemeter; Gary Paoli, Daemeter; Kontributor Pendukung: Skye Glenday, CPI; Daju Pradnja Resosudarmo, CIFOR; Jim Schweithel, Daemeter; Indrawan Suryadi, Daemeter; , Maret 2014 (Link: drive.google.com)
- STRUKTUR VEGETASI DAN KOMPOSISI JENIS PADA HUTAN RAWA GAMBUT DI RESORT HABARING HURUNG, TAMAN NASIONAL SEBANGAU, KALIMANTAN TENGAH; Ardiyanto Wahyu Nugroho, Balai Penelitian Teknologi Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam; tahun…? (Link: drive.google.com)