||The Ngurah Rai Forest Park area is designated as a forest cover by the Netherlands in 1927, starting from the ‘Prapat Benoa’ Forest Area (RTK 10) covering an area of 1373.50 Ha, then changing its function to “Prapat Benoa Suwung Natural Park” (Letter from the Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number: 885 / Kpts-II / 92, September 8, 1992).
After that, the “Prapat Benoa Suwung” Nature Park was designated as the Ngurah Rai Grand Forest Park based on Minister of Forestry Decree no. 544 / Kpts-II / 1993 dated September 25, 1993 with an area of 1,373.50 Ha.
Mangrove Forests Ngurah Rai Forest Park, Bali is the result of collaboration between the Indonesian government and JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency). Then, JICA itself stopped managing this area since 2013 to be handed back to UPT of the Ngurah Rai Forest Park.
This mangrove forest has a collection of 19 species of mangrove plants, consisting of 12 types of true mangroves and 7 types of mangrove associations. The dominant species are Rhizophora mucronata, Avicennia marina, Rhizophora apiculata and Sonneratia alba.
For fauna, many birds are found, around 66 species of birds. Most are water bird species such as oriental darte, gray heron, little pied cormorant, javan pond heron, intermediate egret, great egret, lesser whistling duck, black-crowned night heron, Eurasian curlew, and kingfisher.
Apart from birds, there are also species of reptiles and amphibians that are often found such as mangrove snakes, frogs, iguanas, lizards, Asiatic softshell turtles, and many more.