Mt. Salak


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(*only for information);
Mt. Salak
  • Many think the origin of the name “Salak” is from the barking plants, but actually comes from the Sanskrit word, ‘salaka’ which means “silver”.
  • Mount Salak is a strato volcano type A. The highest peak (Peak Salak I) according to Hartmann (1938) is the oldest peak. Peak Salak II berketinggian 2.180 m above sea level. is considered the second oldest. Next comes the Peak Sumbul with a height of 1926 m above sea level.’
  • There are a number of active craters that are not at the top. The biggest crater, Kawah Ratu, is the youngest crater. Cikuluwung Putri Crater and Breath Crater are part of the Queen Crater system.
Mt. Gede Pangrango National Park; Mt. Halimun Salak National Park


ProvinceWest Java
City / Regency
  1. Kabupaten Bogor
  2. Kabupaten Sukabumi
Distrik1.1 Kecamatan Tenjolaya; 1.2 Kecamatan Pamijahan;

2.1 Kecamatan Cidahu; 2.2 Kecamatan Cicurug; 2.3  Kecamatan  Tamansari; 2.4  Kecamatan Cigombong

Village1.1.1 Desa Gunung  Malang;

1.2.1 Desa Gunung Bunder 2; 1.2.2 Desa Gunung Sari; 1.2.3 Desa Ciasihan

2.1.1 Desa …?

2.2.1 Desa Cisaat; 2.2.2 Desa Pesawahan; 2.2.3 Desa Kutajaya;


2.4.1 Desa Pasirjaya


a vulcano / active
History of eruption;
 Since the 1600s recorded several eruptions, among them a series of eruptions between 1668-1699, 1780, 1902-1903, and 1935. The last eruption occurred in 1938, a phreatic eruption that occurred in Cikuluwung Putri Crater …
Elevation (meters above sea level);
2.221 m (7.287 ft)
Type of eruption;
he character of the eruption of Mount Salak is a phreatic eruption in the central crater and side eruptions. Phreatic eruption occurs when there is a very strong accumulation of water vapor pressure beneath the surface of the earth that exceeds the resistance of the above surface layer of soil. This accumulation of moisture can be formed by touching directly or indirectly the flow of water with magma. A side eruption is an eruption that occurs on the slopes of a volcano…
Topology & Geology;
Salak volcano is an active volcano with strato type whose eruption is a lapse between lava flows and pyroclastic deposits.

Geology and stratigraphy tentatively based on the results of previous mapping (Zaenudin, et al, 1993) that the sequence of rock from old to young consists of 16 units of rock and 7 units of rock products not mountain Salak.

The result of the oldest Salak mountain activity is Salak I mountain lava and the youngest is kolorium and alluvial sediment. Genetics of Salak Mountain according to Hartman (1938) are as follows: First emerged Salak I mountain which is the oldest body and then followed by Salak II, then Sunbul Mount appears, while Kawah Ratu is estimated to be the final product of Salak Mountain, Cikulung Putri Crater and the Breath Crater which is still part of Kawah Ratu.

Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…




  1.; March 2018
  2.; March 2018;
  3.; March 2018
  4. …?
  1. …?;
  1. Penilaian bahaya lahar Gunung Salak(Suatu pendekatan morfometri); Rusdi Muhardi, Boedi Tjahjono, dan D.P. Tejo Baskoro; Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan, IPB; Jurnal Lingkungan dan Bencana Geologi, Vol. 5 No. 2 Agustus 2014: 93 – 110 (Link;
  2. ANALISIS SEBARAN KAWASAN POTENSIAL PANAS BUMI GUNUNG SALAK DENGAN SUHU PERMUKAAN, INDEKS VEGETASI DAN GEOMORFOLOGI; Putri Mariasari Sukendar, Bandi Sasmito, Arwan Putra Wijaya*), Program Studi Teknik Geodesi Fakultas Universitas Diponegoro;Jurnal Geodesi Undip, April 2016 (Link;
  3. Bahaya gas vulkanik Gunung Salak, Jawa Barat; N. Euis Sutaningsih, Isa Nurnusanto, Sukarnen, dan Suryono, BPPTK, Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi, Badan Geologi; Jurnal Lingkungan dan Bencana Geologi, Vol. 1 No. 2 Agustus 2010: 79 – 90(Link;
  4. …?

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