Mt. Marapi


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Mt Marapi
Historically, Marapi Peak in Minang legend is the beginning of the birth of Minangkabau Ranah. The beginning of the birth of ‘Minang Darek’ (mountainous region of Marapi) the ancestors of the nation, believed to be descendants of Iskandar Zulkarnaen from Macedonia, are told to be stranded in Tambo, while sailing in Marapi Peak and when the flood receded, it appears under the foot of Luhak nan Tigo (3 terrestrial basins ). After that the group of ship that was stranded, started down the 3 areas, Luhak nan Tigo is now known as Tanah Datar District (Batusangkar and Padangpanjang), as’ Luhak nan Tuo ‘, Region of Agam Regency (City of Bukittinggi) as’ Luhak nan middle ‘, and District Limapuluhkota (Payakumbuh City) as’ Luhak nan Bungsu’. This legend is believed by locals as the forerunner of the birth of Minangkabau people who have unique and unique cultural customs.

Indeed Minangkabau is a mountainous community where Marapi Mountain became a Cultural Symbol diinfokan from parents first that Rumah Gadang in trust should be established by facing Mount Marapi.

Batang Palupuh Nature Reserve; Mega Mendung Nature Tourist Park; North-South Maninjau Nature Reserve; Lembah Anai Nature Reserve; Mt. Marapi Nature Reserve;


ProvinceWest Sumatra
City / Regency
  1. Kabupaten Tanah Datar
  2. Kabupaten Agam
Distrik1.1 Kecamatan Sungai Tarab; 1.2 Kecamatan Sepuluh Koto; 1.3 Kecamatan Batipuh; 1.4 Kecamatan Pariangan

2.1 Kecamatan Canduang; 2.2 Kecamatan Sungai Pua;

Village1.1.1 Desa Pasieh Laweh; 1.1.2 Desa Padang Laweh

1.2.1 Desa Panyalaian

1.3.1 Desa Andaleh; 1.3.2 Desa Sabu;

1.4.1 Desa Sungai Jambu

2.1.1 Desa Bukik Batabuah;

2.2.1 Desa Batu Palano


a vulcano / active
History of eruption;
  1. On September 8, 1830 Marapi Mountain reportedly issued a cloud of cauliflower gray-black gray with a thickness of 1,500 m above the crater, accompanied by a roar.
  2. On April 30, 1979, according to press reports, 60 people died from the eruption of Mount Marapi and also mentioned 19 rescue workers trapped by landslides. The eruption is said to also remove stones and mud that cause damage at least in five areas residential area of ​​the local population.
  3. Entering the end of 2011 to early 2014, Mount Marapi reveals increased activity through eruptions that give off ash and black clouds. Ever at the end of 2011 bursts of ash drifting winds kilo distance to reach Padang Pariaman District.
  4. On February 26, 2014, Mount Marapi erupted at 16:15 pm, releasing sand material, tefra, and volcanic ash into the Tanah Datar and Agam districts. Mount Status is set Standby (level 2) and a 3 km radius from the center of the crater should be emptied. There is no evacuation to this eruption.
  5. on june 2017…?
Elevation (meters above sea level);
2.891 m (9.485 ft)
Type of eruption;
Marapi volcano eruption character of explosive or effusive eruption with average 4 year rest period. The activity does not always occur in the same crater, but moves to form a straight line with the east-southwest direction between the Tuo Crater to the Bungsu Crater. From the beginning of 1987 until now the eruption was explosive and the source of the eruption was centered on the Verbeek Crater. The eruption was accompanied by roar, ash, sand, lapili and sometimes followed by bursts of incandescent material and volcanic bombs (Rashid, 1990).
Topology & Geology;
Based on the geological map of Mount Marapi, eruption products include lava flows, pyroclastic flows (hot clouds) as a result of lava flows, as well as more dominant pyroclastic falling rocks.

The stratigraphy of Mount Marapi consists of six sources of eruption, namely four central eruptions and two side eruptions. The central eruption consists of: Bancah Crater which produces pyroclastic fall, lava and lava vapor; Tuo crater that produces pyroclastic falling deposits, pyroclastic flows and lava; Bungo gardens that produce pyroclastic falling deposits, pyroclastic flows and lava; Bongsu crater that produces pyroclastic fall and lava flow. The side eruptions are the Sikumpar Cone and the Wood Maar Horn which produces Phreatic precipitate.

The structure found in Mount Marapi is in the form of a large fault of Sumatra (Semangko Fault), Normal Fault, Oblique Fault and escarpments fault that forms steep hills and steep. Historically, the growth of Mount Marapi through several stages:

  • In the first phase begins with the formation of the body of the old Marapi Mountain which was built by a unit of rock which erupsinya centered from the Crater Buncah.
  • In the second phase the eruption point moves and forms the Sikumpar cone.
  • In the third phase, the eruption center returns to its original point and produces pyroclastic lava and fall.
  • In the fourth phase they are the formation of Tuo crater, where there are three eruptions, one of them is a big eruption.
  • In the fifth phase is the establishment of the crater complex of Kebun Bungo, where the crater formed other small eruption points, namely kepundan A, B, and C, which resulted in the formation of open morphology towards the southwest.
  • The sixth phase is the displacement of the eruption center that forms the Maar Kayu
    Horn. The seventh phase is the formation of Bongsu crater and Verbeek crater, where the crater is inside the Bungsu Crater. The last eruptions returned to the Tuo crater and Verbeek Crater in turn.
Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…




  1.; februari 2018
  2.; februari 2018
  3.; Februari 2018
  4.; Februari 2018
  5. …?
  1. …?
  1. Gunung Marapi; (Link;
  2. DAMPAK ERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI TERHADAP LAHAN DAN UPAYA-UPAYA PEMULIHANNYA; Rahayu, Dwi Priyo Ariyanto, Komariah, Sri Hartati, Jauhari Syamsiyah, Widyatmani Sih Dewi- Jurusan Ilmu Tanah Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sebelas Maret, Caraka Tani – Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian Vol. XXIX No. 1 Maret 2014 (Link;
  3. ANALISA PENGARUH LETUSAN ABU VULKANIK GUNUNG MARAPI DI SUMATERA BARAT TERHADAP PENGUKURAN GAS (SO2) DAN PARTIKEL (PM10 DAN SPM) DI STASIUN PEMANTAU ATMOSFER GLOBAL BUKIT KOTOTABANG; Agusta KurniawanStasiun Pemantau Atmosfer Global Bukit Kototabang, Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika, Sumatera Barat Komplek rumah dinas BMKG, Pasadama, Kotomalintang, Kec.
    Tilatang Kamang, Kab. Agam, Sumatera Barat; Diterima tanggal 15-11-2011; Disetujui tanggal 14-03-2012; (Link;

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