Mt. Kerinci


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Mt. Kerinci (also spelled “Kerintji” and known as Mount Gadang, Kurinci Volcano, Kerinchi Mountain, Korinci Mountain or Indrapura Peak)
Mount Kerinci is conical with a width of 13 km (8 miles) and a length of 25 km (16 miles), extending from north to south. At its peak on the northeast side there is a 600 meter (1,969 feet) deep crater containing green water. Until now, the crater measuring 400 x 120 meters is still active status…
Kerinci-Seblat National Park;


  1. West Sumatra
  2. Bengkulu
City / Regency1.1 Kabupaten Solok Selatan;

2.1 Kabupaten Kerinci

Distrik1.1.1 Kecamatan Sangir;

2.1.1 Kecamatan Kayu Aro; 2.1.2 Kecamatan Gunung Tujuh

Village1.1.1.1 Desa Lubuk Gadang Selatan; Desa Lubuk Gadang Desa Sangir Desa Bengkolan Dua


a vulcano / a active
History of eruption;
  • 1838-1887==>…?
  • 1908-1999==>…?
  • 2007 ==> September 9, 2007 at 04:40 WIB raised its status to Waspada because recorded eruption of ash / gusts of smoke black and dark high 700 – 800 m from the crater lip and leaning to the east. The time interval of eruption / blowing takes place every 5 minutes…
  • 2008==> March 24, 2008 between 11:40 to 12:25 pm occurred 1 times the incidence of a thick blackish white with a maximum smoke height of 500 m from the peak of G. Kerinci. At 16:30 WIB, the maximum eruption fumes decreased to ± 300 m from the summit of Mount Kerinci. Activity status at alert level…
Elevation (meters above sea level);
3.805 m (12.484 ft)
Type of eruption;
Mount Kerinci in the form of strato vulkano, has explosive character of eruption, interspersed with the existence of lava flows. Geological data is generally dominated by lava flows.

The current character of the eruption of Mount Kerinci is a weak volcanic eruption that excludes ash eruption material, no recorded lava flow data as described in the eruption history…

Topology & Geology;
Mt Kerinci regional morphology units can be divided into:

1. Hill Morphology Unit

This morphological unit occupies the southern part of the foot of the volcano, in the form of a bumpy hills. This area is covered entirely by falling pyroclastic rocks and is the basis of tectonic volcano graben buried by eruption of Mount Kerinci (Djoharman1972). The river that flows in this area is Sangir River, Air Putih River, is the eastern boundary; The Aro River, Padi River, Panjang River, Timbulun River, Belandir in the north and in the southern part consist of the Dry River, Kersik Tuo River, Deras Kanan River and Siulak River Deras Left and in the west is bordered by Lembul-Siulak Deras Kiri River.

2. Unit of old hill morphology

This morphology unit occupies the east and west of Mount Kerinci. The shape of the slope of this unit is very steep (almost erect) forming a very steep wall. This morphological unit is the rising part of the fault system of Sumatra (horst) that extends from north to south. The peaks contained in the eastern old border units consist of Bukit Ulu Batang Tandai (943 m); Mount Selasi (2391 m); Mount Mandurai Besar (2481 m), anonymous height point in topographic map (1956 m); (1574 m) and Mount Songka (1914 m). The peaks found in the morphology of the old western hills consist of Bukit Putus (893 m); Liki Hill (1045,8 m); Mount Hulu Sungai Kapur; Mount Terembun (2577) m) and Mountain Latitude (2218 m). The constituent rocks of this morphological unit consist of lava and pyroclastic flows.

3. Volcano body morphology unit

According to Van Bemmelen (1949) This volcano appears in a graben structure that is part of the Sumatran fault, Djoharman (1972) states that this volcanic body appears at the base of a tectonic vulkano graben perpendicular to the Bukit Barisan tectonic line that experiences a large fault time decline it happens. The peak consists of Mount Merapi (3655 m), Mount Elok (3649 m), this shape is similar to the old crater or the rest of the lava embankment. The peak of the southwestern slope (3805 m) commonly as Pesanggrahan Pondok Bunga is the highest crater rim of the enterprising crater now. The lowest and most extensive of the crater is located southeast with an altitude of 3620 meters, further to the north there are small bulges with a height of 3624 meters. The northwest slope is much narrower with a height of 3669 meters.

4. Stratigraphy

The stratified Stratigraphy around Mount Kerinci is composed from old to young as follows:

Paleozoic-Mesozoic-aged rocks are located in the northern part of the Mount Kerinci complex, characterized by a rugged morphological shape and deep valleys due to continued erosion, composed of sedimentary rock and metamorphosis and Granite rock intrusions.

The tertiary-aged rocks, spread extending to the west and east and south with the general direction of the northeast southwest. These rocks are composed of sedimentary rock (sandstone, silt, tufa, limestone), which are scattered in the southern part of Mount Kerinci. Old unknown volcanic rocks are originally scattered in the west and east of Mount Kerinci. These old volcanic rocks consist of volcanic rocks of the Seven Lakes and broken volcanic rocks of nine.

Volcanic rocks of Mount Kerinci are composed of Lava rock, pyroclastic fall, pyroclastic flow and lava. This rock unit consists of several groups of rocks that are sorted according to their stratigraphic order divided into several groups (can be seen in the Geological map of Mount Kerinci, compiled by M.S. Santoso et al).

Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…




  1.; march 2018
  2.; March 2018
  3.; march 2018;
  4.; march 2018
  5. …?
  1.; March 2018
  1. Gunung Kerinci, Bengkulu; (Link;
  2. …?

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