Mt. Kelimutu


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Mt. Kelimutu; Mt. Keli Mutu; crater Tiga Warna; Mt. Geli Mutu
Flores is a combination of words from “keli” which means mountain and the word “quality” which means to boil. According to the beliefs of the locals, the colors on the lake of Kelimutu have their own meaning and have a very powerful natural power.
Lake or Tiwu Flores is divided into three parts corresponding to the colors in the lake. The blue lake or “Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai” is a gathering place for the souls of young people who have died. The red lake or “Tiwu Ata Polo” is a gathering place for the souls of the deceased and as long as he lives always commits a crime / divination. While the lake is white or “Tiwu Ata Mbupu” is a gathering place for the souls of parents who have died.The residents around Lake Kelimutu believe, that when the lake changes color, they must give offerings to the spirits of the dead.The third area of ​​the lake is about 1,051,000 square meters with a water volume of 1,292 million cubic meters. The boundary between the lakes is a narrow stone wall that easily landslides. This wall is very steep with a 70 degree angle. The height of the lake wall ranges from 50 to 150 meters.Geomagnet investigation at mt. Flores and its surroundings is to obtain an overview of the magnetic anomaly distribution in the area with the aim of obtaining a description of the distribution of rocks and mt subsurface structures. Flores. Nearly 70% of the area of investigation has a low magnetic anomaly price that is a reflection of volcanic rock distribution as the main product of mt eruption. Flores. The eruption of the past that built the shape of the body of the mountain itself. An area of high magnetic anomaly is thought to be an area affected by magnetic field strength induced by granite bedrock. The fault structure extending in the relatively northwest direction – southeast and west – east, is expected to have an impact on the growth of the crater towards the Southeast.…
Kelimutu National Park; Kemang Boleng Nature Tourist Park; Kemang Boleng Nature Reserve


ProvinceEast Nusa Tenggara
City / Regency

Kabupaten Ende

  1. Kecamatan Kelimutu;
  2. Kecamatan Wolojita;
  3. Kecamatan Ndona Timur;
  4. Kecamatan Detusoko;
Village1.1 Desa Koanara; 1.2 Desa Woloara; 1.3 Desa Pemo; 1.4 Desa Nduaria;

2.1 Desa Tenda;

3.1 Desa Roga;

4.1 Desa Niowula;


a vulcano / active
History of eruption;
According to residents around this volcano, the three crater lakes have existed throughout history. The wall between the two craters that lies to the east was much larger and as high as the other walls. About 80 years ago, people can still walk from Doi to Bulu Ria past the crater wall. After that an explosion that threw ash and stone until reaching Kampung Pemo. Because of that the wall becomes narrow or may be almost disappeared.
The eruption history of Lake Tiwu Nua Crater Muri Kooh Fai (green lake) can be summarized as follows:

  • 1938; May – June there was an activity in Tiwu Nua Muri Kooh Fai. Neumann van Padang (1951) describes it as a phreatic eruption
  • 1967; In September the color of the Tiwu Nua Lake Muri Kooh Fai water turns from green to white causing more sulfur to be deposited by a fumarole or by increased activity.
  • 1968; Kusumadinata (1968), reported the eruption in Tiwu Nua Muri Kooh Fai water on June 3. This phenomenon is preceded by a hissing sound, followed by a spray of blackish brown water. To the west of the lake, these bursts occur in more than one place and all occur in the western part. This water spray reaches a maximum height of 10 m.
Elevation (meters above sea level);
1.639 m (5.377 ft)
Type of eruption;
Judging from the many eruption products consisting of lava rocks it is interpreted that the character of the eruption of Mount Kelimutu is more dominated by an effusive eruption interspersed by explosive eruptions.

  • The eruption or eruption of Mount Kelimutu is a very dangerous explosive magmatic explosion;
  • Phreatic eruption often occurs given the presence of crater lake water;
  • Freatomagmatic eruptions may occur while phreatic eruptions may be the preliminary eruption of a magmatic eruption.
Topology & Geology;
Body mt. Kelimutu is a cone built by pyroclastic deposits of explosive eruption and effervescent lava. The slope develops eastward and at the top there are 3 (three) crater lakes with different water colors. The third area of ​​the crater is approximately 1,051,000 square meters with the volume of water lk. 1.292 million m3. The boundary between the three craters is the narrow (narrow) bunds (walls) that are vulnerable to landslides. This wall is very steep with an angle between 60o to 70o and here and there perpendicular. The wall height ranges from 50 to 150 m…
Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…


  1.; July 2018
  2.; July 2018
  3.; July 2018
  4.; July 2018
  5. …?
  1. …?;
  1. Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral, Badan Geologi (Link;
  2. POTENSI PANAS BUMI INDONESIA JILID 2, halaman 72; Direktorat Panas Bumi, Ditjen EBTKE, Pusat Sumber Daya Mineral, Batubara, dan Panas Bumi, Badan Geologi 2017 (Link;
  3. Geokimia Air Danau Gunung Kelimutu Flores, Nusa Tenggara Timur; Prettina Sitinjak, Badan Geologi; Jurnal Lingkungan dan Bencana Geologi, Vol. 3 No. 3 Desember 2012: 181 – 195; (Link;



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