Mount Guntur adjacent to other mountains that surround the city of Garut. To the south of Mount Guntur, there is a ‘Gunung Putri’ facing ‘Mount Cikuray’ and ‘Mount Papandayan’, then in the west there is ‘Mount Masigit’, ‘Mount Parupuyan’, and other mountains. In the vicinity of the foot of Mount Guntur precisely in the district of Tarogong Kaler there are many hotels and inns equipped with hot water bath facilities hot springs obtained from Mount Guntur.
In the peak of Mount Guntur there is a very large and deep caldera that comes from the former eruption. Characteristics of Mount Guntur is generally sandy so it is not overgrown with plants and looks barren. Most of the area is overgrown with weeds and looks like a savanna. At the top there are only a few canteen plants that grow. Besides cantigi, more pine trees grow on this mountain…
City / Regency
Kecamatan Tarogong Kaler;
1.1 Desa Sukawangi; 1.2 Desa Panjiwangi; 1.3 Desa Rancabango
2.1 Desa Tanjung Karya
3.1 Desa Dano
a vulcano / active
History of eruption;
1690: Big eruption, many people become victims, damaged areas
1770: Further information is not
1777: There was an explosion
1780: There is a lava flow
1783: Eruption on 3-15 April
1807: Eruption occurred on May 9th
1809: Further information does not exist
1815: August 15th
1815/1816: September 21st
1816: 21-24 October
1825: June 14, the forest around the mountain is on fire
1827/1828: Further details are not found
1829: Some villages are destroyed, some people become victims
1832: 16 January, 8-13 August
1833: September 1st
1840: There is a lava flow to Cipanas
1841: November 14th, the eruption is huge lk 400,000 pieces of coffee trees destroyed
1843: 4 January and 25 November, The land was damaged and several villages were destroyed
1847: No further details found
Elevation (meters above sea level);
2.249 m (7.378 ft)
Type of eruption;
Explosive; Between 1800 and 1847 recorded no fewer than 21 eruptions. The eruption is repeated in a short time, lasting maximum 5 to 12 days. An intermittent eruption period of between 1.2 and 3 years and occasional eruptions occur after the 6 and 7 year rest periods…
Topology & Geology;
Mount Guntur does not stand alone as a single cone, which at its peak is characterized by the old cones of the former eruption point which is a large group of Mount Guntur. From this large group of Mount Guntur, there are two caldera, namely the West Caldera and Gandapura Caldera in the east.
The morphology of Mount Guntur complex has a very varying slope between 2 ‘to 75’. The slope of the ramp is commonly found in residential areas, such as Garut City, Kadung Ora, Leles, Tarogong and Cipanas. The steep slope is around the top of Mount Guntur.
The body of Mount Guntur was built by the result of explosive and effusive eruptions. The result of eruption of Mount Guntur mostly in the form of lava flow is still fresh and overlapping. The youngest lava (the eruption of 1840) flows from the Crater of Mount Guntur to the southeast and south and ends in the Cipanas area (about 300 meters north of the tourist location of Cipanas bath), where the tip forms a horseshoe morphology. Piroklastika flow spreads to the southeast of the Guntur Mountain Crater and partially obscured by the younger Guntur lava flows.
Flow of pyroclastic thunder There are 3 (three) types, the first is composed of lava blocks with matruk yellowish brown sand, this sedimentary outcrop can be found around Kampung Pesantren. Type Two is composed of lava blocks and volcanic bombs with coarse sand matrix and are less coherent. The youngest is composed of basaltic and andesitic lava fragments and volcanic bombs with a blackish-gray bread crust structure. This pyroclastic flow shows the fan-shaped pattern from the Peak of Guntur to the southeast.
The sedimentary drop of Piroklastika is largely concentrated around the peak of Mount Guntur and spreads to the north and southeast. The sediments are composed of Skoria and litik basaltis are black, smooth to rough, well-coated with thickness ranging from 4-34 cm.
PREDIKSI STRUKTUR BAWAH PERMUKAAN GUNUNG GUNTUR
BERDASARKAN DATA PENGAMATAN GAYABERAT; Tedy Y. Pusdiono, Jurusan Teknik Geodesi, Institut Teknologi Bandung; Hasanuddin Z. Abidin, Jurusan Teknik Geodesi, Institut Teknologi Bandung; Wawan G.A. Kadir, Jurusan Teknik Geodesi, Institut Teknologi Bandung; Kosasih Prijatna, Jurusan Teknik Geofisika, Institut Teknologi Bandung; Kajuro Nakamura, RCEP DPRI Kyoto University Japan; Kiyoshi Ito, RCEP DPRI Kyoto University Japan; JURNAL SURVEYING DAN GEODESI , Vol.XII, No.1, Januari 2002 (Link; drive.google.com)
ANALISIS AKTIVITAS SEISMIK GUNUNG GUNTUR GARUT JAWA BARAT BERDASARKAN SPEKTRUM FREKUENSI DAN SEBARAN HIPOSENTER BULAN JANUARI – MARET 2013; Indria R Anggraeni, Jurusan Fisika FMIPA Universitas Brawijaya; Adi Susilo, Jurusan Fisika FMIPA Universitas Brawijaya; Hetty Triastuty, Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG), Bandung; (Link; drive.google.com)