|Identification||Coastal Forest Vegetation Type; The forest forest vegetation formation consists of 2 main types of coastal tuber formation (Ipomea pescaprae), and Barringtonia formation (25 – 50 m). The most abundant types are the beach yam (Ipomoea pescaprae) and the grass run (Spinifex squarosus). Baringtonia formation consists of keben (Baringtonia asiatica), nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), ketapang (Terminalia catappa), pandanus (Pandanus tectorius) and others.|
Vegetation Type of Mangrove Forest; The dominating species are pedada (Sonneratia caseolaris) and tancang (Bruguiera gymnorhiza). At Sukamade river estuary there is nipah (Nypa fruticans) which is good formation.
Type of Swamp Forest Vegetation; The most common species are mango forest (Mangifera sp), sawo kecik (Manilkara kauki), ingas / rengas (Gluta renghas), pulai (Alstonia scholaris), kepuh (Sterculia foetida).
Rheophyt Forest Type Vegetation; Types that grow include glagah (Saccharum spontanum), elephant grass (Panisetum curcurium) and several types of short-lived herbs and grasses.
Vegetation Type of Tropical Lowland Rain Forest; Types of plants are found in many types of walangan (Pterospermum diversifolium), winong (Tetrameles nudiflora), gondang (Ficus variegata), budengan (Diospyros cauliflora), pancal kidang (Aglaia variegata), rau (Dracontomelon mangiferum), glintungan (Bischoffia javanica) ledoyo (Dysoxylum amoroides), glitter (Gossampinus heptaphylla), nyampuh (Litsea sp), bayur (Pterospermum javanicum), bungur (Lagerstromia speciosa), segawe (Adenanthera microsperma), aren (Arenga pinnata), langsat (Lansium domesticum), bendo (Artocarpus elasticus), suren (Toona sureni), and durian (Durio zibethinus).
There are also bamboo vegetation such as bamboo bubat (Bambusa sp), bamboo wuluh (Schizastychyum blumei), and bamboo lamper (Schizastychyum branchyladium). Inside the area there are also some types of rattan, including: sweet rattan (Daemonorops melanocaetes), rattan slatung (Plectomocomia longistigma), warak rarak (Plectomocomia elongata) and others.
Until now in Meru Betiri National Park has identified 518 species of flora, consisting of 15 protected species and 503 species that are not protected.
Examples of protected species are Balanopora (Balanophora fungosa) ie parasitic plants that live on Ficus spp tree species. and Padmosari / Rafflesia (Rafflesia zollingeriana) whose lives depend on the host plant Tetrastigma sp. In addition there are also types of flora as a raw material of traditional medicine / herbal medicine, where based on the results of the test on the field has been identified as many as 239 species that can be grouped into 7 habitus, namely bamboo, climbing, herbs, lianas, shrubs, shrubs and trees.
The types of medicinal plants in Meru Betiri National Park based on the parts used are divided into 19 parts, namely water stems, roots, stems / wood, seeds, fruit, flowers, branches / branches, leaves, sap, bark, rhizomes, all parts, tubers, starch / bitter substance, sap, wood ash, coconut water and herbs top.
Several types of prime medicinal plants that became a priority for development were Chili Java (Piper retrofractum), Kemukus (Piper cubeba), Kedawung (Parkia roxburghii), kluwek / pakem (Pangium edule), pecan (Aleuritus moluccana), pule pandak (Rauwolfia serpentina) , the linkage (Lunasia amara), anyang-anyang (Elaeocarpus grandiflora), sintok (Cinnamomum sintok), and kemuning (Murray paniculata).
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