|Identification||Mammals: Seram Island has only eight types of terrestrial mammals. The original Seram consists of three types of Marsupial, namely bandicoot / mapea (Rhyncomeles prattorum), Kusu / Kuskus (Spilocuscus maculatus and Phalanger orientalis) and five types of Rodensia, Melomys aerosus, Melomys fulgens, Melomys fraterculus, Rattus ceramicus and Rattus feliceus. In Manusela National Park can be found larger species of mammals such as deer (Cervus timorensis), wild boar (Sus scrofa and S. Celebebsis), wild dogs (Canis familiar), wild cat (Felis catus) and civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus, Vivera tangulunga ). There are 26 types of bats in Manusela National Park, among others Rousettus amplixicaudus, Pteropus melaopogon, Pteropus ocularis and Macroglossus minimus (Macdenald et al., 1993).|
Aves: Research on birds on the island of Seram has been started since the 17th century. Bowler and Taylor (1993) describes clearly the development of the study. At present, the species of Seram bird are known to 196 species of birds, 124 of them are sedentary species, while 72 species are migratory bird species. A total of 13 species of which are endemic species Seram Birdlife International Indonesia Program has established the Endemic Bird Region (DBE) Seram which includes Seram island and surrounding small islands (Ambon, Saparua, Boano and Haruku). 30 Types are birds with limited distribution, ie birds that spread less than 50,000 km ², 14 of them endemic (Sujatnika et al., 1995). Spread limited bird species on the island of Seram there are 28 species, of which 8 species of which are endemic bird species. The purple nape plexus (Lorius domicella) and the Maluku Cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) are now threatened with extinction, due to the arrests for trade (Shannaz et al., 1995). In addition to the above two types, there are other types of endemic birds such as Diacrum vulneratum, king prawns (Halycon lazuli, H.sancta and Alcedo atthis), Nuri Raja / Nuri Ambon (Alisterus amboinensis), Black-headed parrots (Lorius domicella) (Philemon subcorniculatus), and Kasuari (Casuarius casuarius).
Reptiles: The study of reptiles on the island of Seram is still rare. Research conducted at Raleigh Expedition Operations in Manusela National Park found 46 species of reptiles, consisting of freshwater turtles (1 species), sea turtles (4 species), crocodiles (1 species), lizards (24 species) and snakes ( 17 types) (Edgar and Lilley, 1993). The level of reptile endemism in Seram Island is low, only one type of endemic lizard CERAM, namely Dibamus seramensis. There are also Soa-soa (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), two types of snakes Calamaria ceramensis and Thyphlops kraai although little is also found in the surrounding islands. Crocodiles (Crocodylus porousus) are often found in the Wae Toluarang and Wae Nual rivers.
Amphibi: In the Manusela National Park there are 8 amphibia types belonging to the family Ranidae, Hylidae and Microhylidae. Types included in the family: Ranidae is Platymantis papuensis, Rana modesta and Rana grisea ceramensis; Hylidae is Litoria vagabunda, Litoria sp. (Bicolor group), Litoria amboinesis, Litoria infrafenate; Microhylidae is Phrynomantis fusca
Insect: The type of butterfly found in Manusela National Park is estimated as many as 90 species (FAO, 1981), among others: Papilionidae namely Ornithoptera priamus, Ornithoptera goliathorocus, Papilio ulysses, Papilio fuscusfuscus, Grafthium stresemani; Pieridae is the beautiful Delias manuselensis, Delias sp., Hebomoia leucippe leucippe, Valeria jobaea eisa, Enaema candida candida; Danidae is Idea idea, Danaus chovsippus, Danaus hanata nigra, Eupolea ciimena melina, Eupolea sp. There are several types of endemic butterfly Seram namely Epimastidia staudingeri and Hypochrysops dolechallii
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