This area has a thick expanse of tropical rain forest with various types of flora and fauna. The forest is located on the highway connecting the city of Padang-Bukittinggi, is designated as conservation area of nature reserves since the Dutch colonial government.
This can be known through decision letter No. 25 Stbl. 756 issued on 18 December 1922 by the Dutch East Indies government. At that time, the area designated as a nature reserve covers an area of 221 ha and is still maintained today.
Anai Valley Forest serves to maintain the sustainability and balance of natural ecosystems so as not to be damaged and polluted. The thickness of the Anai Valley Forest is useful as a keeper of microclimate stability, supplying oxygen production, and absorbing CO2. Therefore, the existence of the Anai Valley Nature Reserve area can be a natural lung for air circulation in the province of West Sumatra.
In the forest shade there are some rare plants that are also the main attraction of the Anai Valley Nature Reserve, one of which is the carcass flower (amorphyphalus titanum). This carcass flower grows in the middle of the forest. In addition to carrion flower there are also some wood plants that become the attraction of this nature reserve area, including cangar, sapek, madang siapi-api (litsea adinantera), cubadak / cempedak water (artocarpus sp), madang babulu (gironniera nervosa), and others -other.
Birds: various birds, such as eagle (accipitriade sp), balama (bolumbidae), python, and quail …
The Anai Valley Nature Reserve area is home to a variety of butterflies (troides neo miranda). The results of several university students Andalas University (UNAND) Padang meneyebutkan, around the Anai Valley Nature Reserve there are about 60 species of butterfly population. Various butterflies are always decorate the forest in the morning morning before the afternoon with charming colors …
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