Komodo National Park


Gov.RegulationDecree of the Minister of Forestry No 306/Kpts-II/1992
DatePebruari 29,1992
Large (Hektar)173.300
Technical implementation UnitBalai Taman Nasional Komodo
NoteThe islands in the area of ​​the original National Park is a volcanic island, has an area of ​​173,300 ha covering land area and sea with five main islands of Komodo Island, Padar Island, Rinca Island, Gili Motang, Nusa Kode and also other small islands.

The islands are declared a national park to protect endangered Komodo dragons and their habitats and biodiversity within the region. The marine park is shaped to protect the vast marine biota of the islands, including the richest on earth.

Komodo National Park is located in the Wallacea region of Indonesia. The Wallacea region is formed from encounters of two continents forming a unique array of rugged archipelagos, comprising a mixture of birds and animals from both the continents of Australia and Asia.

Here’s the History of Komodo National Park Management:

  1. Sultan Bima’s decree of 1915 on the Protection of Komodo (Verordening van het Sultanat van Bima).
  2. Decree of the Manggarai Regional Government of 1926 on Protection of Komodo (Besluit van het Zelfbestuur van het Landschap Manggarai).
  3. Decree of the Resident of Timor in 1927 on the ratification of the Decree of the Manggarai Local Government in point 2 above.

The chronology of the establishment of Komodo National Park is as follows:

  1. Zelfbestuur van Manggarai, verordening No. 32/24 September 1938 on the Establishment of Padar Island Wildlife Reserve, Western and Southern Part of Rinca Island.
  2. Resident of van Timor en onder horigheden No. 19/27 January 1939 (Ratification of Regional Regulation in point 1)
  3. Decree of the Minister of Forestry No.66 / Dep.Keh / 1965, dated 21 October 1965 on the Appointment of Komodo Island as a Wildlife Reserve of 31,000 Ha.
  4. Decree of the Governor of KDH Tk. I Nusa Tenggara Timur No.32 of 1969, dated June 24, 1969 on the appointment of Pulau Padar, Rinca Island and Wae Wuul / Mburak Land as Tourism / Nature Reserve area of ​​20,500 Ha.
  5. Decree of the Director General of Forestry No.97 / Tap / Dit Bina / 1970, on the Establishment of PPA Section in Labuan Bajo.
  6. Announcement of the Minister of Agriculture, dated March 6, 1980 on the Establishment of Komodo National Park.
  7. Decision of Director General of PHPA No.46 / Kpts / VI-Sek / 84, dated 11 December 1984 on Appointment of Work Area of ​​Komodo National Park.
  8. Decree of the Minister of Forestry No.306 / Kpts-II / 92, dated 29 February 1992 concerning Changes in the Komodo Island Wildlife Sanctuary, Rinca Island, Padar Island 40,728 Ha and Sea Sequential Approaches around 132,572 Ha located in Dati II Manggarai Regency Dati I Nusa Tenggara Timur became a National Park with the name of Komodo National Park.
  9. In 1992, Komodo was determined by the President of the Republic of Indonesia as the National Symbol of Animals through Presidential Decree no. 4 of 1992, dated January 9, 1992.
  10. In 1992, Changes in the function of Komodo Island Wildlife Reserve, Rinca Island and Pulau Padar covering 40,728 ha and Sea Sequence of 132,572 Ha into Komodo National Park.
  11. Year 2000, defined conservation area of ​​the waters by the Minister of Forestry with an area of ​​132,572 ha.
  12. In 2006, Komodo National Park included 21 Model National Parks in Indonesia in accordance with Decree of Director General of PHKA Number SK.128 / IV-Sek / 2006 concerning Amendment to Decision of Director General of PHKA Number SK.69 / IV-Set / HO / 2006 regarding the appointment 20 (Twenty) National Parks as Model National Parks.


ProvinceNusa Tenggara Timur
City/RegencyKabupaten Manggarai Barat
DistrictKecamatan Komodo
  1. Pulau Komodo
  2. Pulau Padar
  3. Pasir Panjang


Elevation (mDpl)
type climate…?  (Schmit&Ferguson)
–; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …





IdentificationThe ecosystem of Komodo National Park is influenced by climate resulting from long dry season, high temperatures and low rainfall. Besides, Komodo National Park is located in a transitional zonation between the flora and fauna of Asia and Australia. The aquatic ecosystem is affected by the El-Nino / La Nina impact, which results in heating of the surrounding seawater and frequent strong ocean currents. Here are the types of vegetation found in Komodo National Park;

Grassland and Savana Forest There are grasslands and savannah forests covering approximately 70% of the Komodo National Park area. Grow various types of grass in between; Setaria adhaerens, Chloris barbata, Heteropogon contortus, Themeda gigantea and Themeda gradiosa interspersed by lontar trees (Borassus flobellifer) which is a distinctive plant of this Place.

Tropical forests Season (below 500 m asl) Approximately 25% of the Komodo area is a tropical forest vegetation season with plant species, among others: kesambi (Schleichera oleosa), asem (Tamarindus indica), kepuh (Sterculia foetida), and several types of plants others.

Forest above 500 m above sea level at an altitude above 500 m above sea level. On the hilltops, the vegetation is among others; Collophyllum spectobile, Colona kostermansiana, Glycosmis pentaphylla, Ficus urupaceae, Mischarpus sundaicus, Podocarpus netrifolia, Teminalia zollingeri, Uvaria ruva, rattan (Callamus sp.), Bamboo (Bambusa sp.), And in a fairly shady place are usually found living moss attached on the rocks.

Types of vegetation, among others; Rhizophora sp., Rhizophora mucronata, and Lumnitzera racemosa are the dominant vegetation types. But in general there are also fires (Avicennia marina), Bruguiera sp., Capparis seplaria, Ceriops tagal, and Sonneratia alba.

Coral Reefs: Acropora spp, Favites sp, Leptoria sp, Fungia sp, Sarcophyton sp and Xenia sp are common species.

Overview of flora in East Nusa Tenggara
Tree===> click here
Non Tree===> click here
Coral===> click here


EndemikKomodo (Varanus komodoensis)
IdentificationMammals; Among other things, deer (Cervus timorensis), forest dog (Cuon alpinus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), wild horse (Equus caballus) and wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), Rinca ratus (Ratus ritjanus) , fruit bats (Cynopterus brachyotis and Pteropsis sp.), …

Primates: Long-tailed monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), …

Bird; Noted there are 111 species of birds, among others; birds of the shrimp (Megapodius reinwardt), yellow crested cockatoos (Cacatua sulphurea), turtle (Geopelia streptriata), tekukur (Streptopelia chinensis), green ducula (Ducula aenea), Philemon buceroides, king prawns (Halcyon chloris) Zosterops chloris), …

Reptile; There are 34 types of Reptiles. Besides Komodo reptiles, other types of reptiles, among others; cobra serpent (Naja naja), russel serpent (Viperia russeli), green tree serpent (Trimeresurus albolabris), python sp. (Python sp.), sea serpent (Laticauda colubrina), lizard (Scinidae, Dibamidae, and Varanidae), gecko sp.), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), and green turtle (Chelonia mydas), …

Fish; There are also various species of gorgonians, sea fans, sea pens, anemones with clown fish, Bintang Laut, christmas tree worms, kima (Tridacna sp), lobsters, nudibranchs, etc. Various reef fish live here, among them Chaetodon spp, Amychiprion spp, 8 species of sweeper and Napoleon (Chelinus undulatus). In addition, the waters of Komodo National Park is a migration path of 5 types of whales, 10 species of dolphins and dugongs (Dugong Dugon).

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in East Nusa Tenggara
Amfibian===> click here
Bird===> click here
Fish===> click here
Insect===> click here
Mammalia===> click here
Primata===> click here
Reptil===> click here
Invertebrata===> click here


  1. pika.ksdae.menlhk.go.id; September 2017
  2. komodonationalpark.org; September 2017
  3. nationalgeographic.co.id; September 2017
  4. id.wikipedia.org; September 2017
  5. pesona.indonesia.travel; September 2017
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. Daerah Penting Bagi Burung, Nusa Tenggara; William M. Rombang, Colin Trainor, Dwi Lesmana, Birdlife Indonesia, 2002 (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. Panduan Sejarah Ekologi, Taman Nasional Komodo; Author / Editor: Arnaz Mehta Erdmann, Translation by Wasistini Baitoningsih (Ecosafe Consultants, Bali, Indonesia), Illustrations and lay-out by Donald Bason, Published by The Nature Conservancy Indonesia Coastal and Marine Program, 2004 (Link: drive.google.com)
  5. Rencana Pengelolaan 25 Tahun, Taman Nasional Komodo(Buku 3) Rencana Tapak; Proposed by Komodo National Park’s Authority, Assisted by The Nature Conservancy and Gajah Mada University, and supported by Manggarai District Authority, tahun…? (Link: drive.google.com)

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