Kerinci Seblat National Park


Gov.RegulationDecree of the Minister of Forestry & Plantation No. 901/Kpts-II/1999
DateOktober 14,1999
Large (Hektare)1,375,349
Technical implementation UnitBalai Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat
NoteKerinci Seblat National Park has an area of ​​1,375,349 Ha,

  • 353,780 Ha (25.86%) are in the area of ​​West Sumatra Province,
  • 422,190 Ha (30,86%) Province of Jambi,
  • 310.910 Ha (22.73%) Province of Bengkulu;
  • 281.120 Ha (20.55%) Province of South Sumatra.

Kerinci Seblat National Park area is included in the 9 regencies, 43 subdistricts and 134 villages in the four provinces.

Most of this national park is a series of mountains of Bukit Barisan Selatan on the central island of Sumatra.

Kerinci Seblat National Park is the largest forest area of ​​3 conservation areas built as Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra and is recognized as one of Asia’s most important tropical forest blocks for biodiversity.

At the 3rd World Park Congress in 1982 in Bali the Government of Indonesia declared eleven candidates for national parks, one of which is Kerinci Seblat National Park with an area of ​​1,484,660 ha.

Coordination Meeting of 4 Provincial regions to its administrative territory is Kerinci Seblat National Park in 1982 in Padang covering that the candidate of this National Park has an area of ​​1,484,660 ha.

Coordination Meeting of National Planning and Development Agency (BAPPENAS) in 1992 in Jakarta, proposed Kerinci Seblat National Park area originally 1.484.660 ha. to 1,368,000 ha.

The Minister of Forestry in 1996 changed the function of part of the forest area in Jambi, West Sumatera, South Sumatera and Bengkulu 1,368,000 ha into Kerinci Seblat National Park.

The Minister of Forestry and Estate Crops in 1999 established the Kerinci Seblat National Park Area in the Provinces of Jambi, South Sumatera and Bengkulu area: 1.375.349,867 ha

The Minister of Forestry in 2004 changed the function of part of the permanent production forest area in the Sipurak Hook Forest Group located in Merangin District of Jambi Province covering ± 14,160 ha into an expansion of Kerinci Seblat National Park.


  1. Provinsi Jambi
  2. Provinsi Sumatra Barat
  3. Provinsi Bengkulu
  4. Provinsi Sumatra Selatan
City/Residence1.1 kabupaten Kerinci; 1.2 kabupaten Bungo Tebo; 1.3 kabupaten Merangin;

2.1 kabupaten Pesisir Selatan; 2.2 kabupaten Solok; 2.3 kabupaten Sawalunto; 2.4 kabupaten Sijunjung

3.1 kabupaten Bengkulu Utara; 3.2 kabupaten Lebong; 3.3 kabupaten Rejang Lebong

4.1 Kabupaten Musi Rawas

District3.2.1 Kecamatan lebong selatan…


Elevation (mDpl)
Kerinci Seblat National Park topography is bumpy, steep and sharp slopes. While the topography of the park is relatively flat, there is at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level or in the enclave area located in Kerinci regency.

In general this area is a mountainous area and hills and is part of the ranks of Bukit Barisan that stretches from north to south.

The dominating dominant soil consists of andesite, silt sand and clay sand which indicate that water permeation is slow to moderate, especially in the northern and southern areas of the Great Forest Park.

type Climate A (Schmidt dan Fergusson)
19′-26’C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check… 



Mt. KerinciMt. Talang; Mt. Masurai; Mt Mande Rabiah; Mt. Taaba;
Lake Singkarak; Kembar Lake; Talang Lake; Kerinci Lake; Kaco LakeDepati Empat Lake; kumbanglake; Tes Lake;
Batang Ombilin River;


IdentificationFlora in Kerinci Seblat National Park is divided into:

  1. Lowland vegetation (200 – 600 m asl)
  2. Vegetation of mountains / hills (600 – 1,500 m asl)
  3. Vegetation montana (1,500 – 2,500 m asl)
  4. Vegetation of gleichenia grove / fern (2,500 – 2,800 m asl)
  5. Sub alpine vegetation (2,300 – 3,200 m asl)

Here is the identification of flora in this National Park:

No less than 4,000 species of flora (63 families) are found in areas dominated by Dipterocarpaceae, Leguminosae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Bommacaceae, Moraceae, Anacardiaceae, Myristicaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Meliaceae families. While at an altitude of 500 m – 2000 m above sea level. dominated by the family Fagaceae, Erycaceae and sub alpine bushes of the Vaccinium and Rhododendron species.

Some of the typical vegetation species in Kerinci Seblat National Park include Histiopteris insica (the highest vascular plant) located on the crater wall of Mount Kerinci, various types of Nepenthes sp, Pinus mercusii Kerinci strain, Wood rug (Harpullia arborea), Raflesia Flower (Rafflesia arnoldi) Agathis sp.

The results of the Biological Science Club (BScC) study in 1993 in the buffer zone area found 115 types of ethnobotanical vegetation widely used by local people for various purposes such as for medicines, cosmetics, food, mosquito repellent and household purposes.

Pinus Kerinci (Pinus merkusii Kerinci strain), Wood Pacat (Harpulia alborera), Rafflesia Flower (Rafflesia arnoldi), Carrion Flower (Amorphophallus titanium and A. decussilvae).

More search required …

Overview of flora in West Sumatera, Jambi, Bengkulu & South Sumatera
Tree===> click here
Non Tree===> click here
Coral===> click here


IdentificationThe fauna to be found in Kerinci Seblat National Park recorded 42 Type Mammalia (19 families), seven of which are the Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatrensis), clouded leopard (Neopholis nebulosa), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrensis) Golden cats (Profelis aurata), tapir (Tapirus indicus), and the wild goat (Naemorhedus sumatrensis).10 Kinds of Reptiles, 6 Types of Amphibia, one of which is the Horned Frog (Mesophyrs nasuta)

There are six Endemic Primate, Ape (Sympalagus syndactylus) agile gibbon (Hylobates agilis), Wau-wau Black (Hylobates lar), Hoop (Presbytis melalobates), monkey (Macaca nemestrina) and Long Tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis).

Besides already recorded 306 species of birds (49 families), such as 8 species of birds including the endemic four Tiung Sumatra (Cochoa Becari), Bird Abang Cheek (Laphora inornata), Plop (Otus stresemanni), quail Gonggong (Arborophila rubirostris).

More search required …

Overview of fauna in West Sumatera, Jambi, Bengkulu & South Sumatera
Amfibian===> click here
Bird===> click here
Fish===> click here
Insect===> click here
Mammalia===> click here
Primata===> click here
Reptil===> click here
Invertebrata===> click here


  1.; Juli 2017
  2.; Juli 2017
  3.; Juli 2017
  4.; Juli 2017
  5.; Juli 2017
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link:
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link:
  3. Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat; Bappeda Lubuklinggau 2016(Link:
  4. Strategi Pengelolaan Kawasan Hutan Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat (TNKS) Provinsi Jambi; Gerihano, Eka Intan K.P&Sahat M.H. Simanjuntak 2016( Link:
  6. Perubahan Penutupan Lahan Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat dan Faktor yang Mempengaruhi di Kabupaten Kerinci, Jambi; ANDRINALDI ADNAN, IPB 2004(Link:
  7. Pelestarian Harimau Sumatera Kerinci Seblat; Alip Tantun Hartana&Deborah J. Martyr 2001(Link:
  8. …?

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