Kepulauan Seribu Marine National Park


Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry No 6310/Kpts-II/2002
Date Juni 13,2002
Large (Hektar) 107.489
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Kepulauan Seribu
Note For the Kepulauan Seribu, regulatory efforts of its marine waters have been done long enough, either through local regulations or through central regulations. The arrangement of the utilization of the Kepulauan Seribu area from the excessive use of natural resources was started by the Government of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, among others as follows:

  • PERDA Municipality of Jakarta Raya No. 7 of 1962 dated March 30, 1962 on the Prohibition of Taking of Stone Stones, Basirs, Stones and Pebbles from the Islands and Coral Reefs in the Greater Area of ​​the Greater Jakarta Municipality.
  • Decision of the Governor / Head of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta No. Ib.3 / 3/26/1969 dated 3 December 1969 on Land Use Security in Kepulauan Seribu.
  • Decision of the Governor / Head of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta No. Ca.19 / 1/44/1970 dated November 6, 1970 on Closure of Waters around Coral Gardens in Kepulauan Seribu for Fishing by Fishermen as Livelihoods (Professional).
  • Decision of the Governor / Head of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta No. Ea.6 / 1/36/1970 dated December 31, 1970 on the Prohibition of Fishing by Using the Chart Tool in the Oceans / Waters within the Capital Region of Jakarta.
  • Decision of the Governor / Head of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta Number Da.11 / 24/44/1972 dated 27 September 1972 on Terms and Conditions of License for Appointment of Land Use to Seek / Occupy Islands in Kepulauan Seribu, Special Capital Region of Jakarta.
  • Regional Regulation No. 11 of 1992 on the Arrangement and Management of the Kepulauan Seribu of North Jakarta Municipality.

With regard to the indication of the potential of the area and the utilization of marine resources in the region of the Kepulauan Seribu, the Central Government has made several arrangements, among others, as follows:

  • The Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 527 / Kpts / Um / 7/1982 dated 21 July 1982, showing the area of ​​108,000 hectares of Thousand Islands as a Nature Reserve under the name of Pulau Seribu Marine Reserve.
  • Decree of the Minister of Forestry Ab 161 / Kpts-II / 95, about the Ambon Islands Resort Nature Function Changes of 108 hectares to Thousand Islands Marine National Park.
  • Decree of the Director of National Parks and Tourism Forest of the Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation of the Ministry of Forestry No. 02 / VI / TN-2 / SK / 1986 dated April 19, 1986 on Zone Distribution in KNPPS Area.
  • Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number 162 / Kpts-II / 1995 dated March 21, 1995 on the Amendment of Kepulauan Seribu Marine Reserve Facilities Located in the Municipality of the Second Level Region of North Jakarta Special Capital Region of Jakarta Area +/- 108,000 (One Hundred Eight Thousand) Hectares Becomes National Park Sea of ​​The Kepulauan Seribu.
  • Decree of the Minister of Forestry and Estate Crops Number: 220 / Kpts-II / 2000 dated 2 August 2000 on Appointment of Forest and Water Areas in the Area of ​​the Capital Province of Jakarta with an area of ​​108,475.45 Hectares.
  • Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number 6310 / Kpts-II / 2002 dated June 13, 2002 on Stipulation of Marine Watershed Marine Park of The Kepulauan Seribu of 107,489 (One hundred seven four hundred and eighty nine) hectares in Kepulauan Seribu district Administration, District Special Capital Region of Jakarta. Based on news of KPA boundary arrangement of waters of Thousand Islands National Park by Regent of Kepulauan Seribu Administration in 2001.
  • Decision of the Director General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation Number: SK.05 / IV-KK / 2004 concerning the Distribution of Zone of Kepulauan Seribu National Park Area.
  • In order to optimize the management of National Park in accordance with its peculiarities, the Directorate General of Protection and Nature Area stipulates in the Model National Park, through the Decree of the Director General Number SK. 69 / IV-Set / HO / 2006 and Kepulauan Seribu Marine National Park is one of the Model National Parks.


Province DKI Jakarta
City/Regency Kabupaten Kepulauan Seribu
District Kecamatan Kepulauan Seribu Utara
  1. Desa Pulau Panggang,
  2. Desa Pulau Kelapa, dan
  3. Desa Pulau Harapan.


Elevation (mDpl)

The Kepulauan Seribu area has a flat topography to a slope with abrasion rate of the islands is included in the category of moderate to severe. The land area can be changed by the tides with a tidal height of 1-1.5 meters.

The morphology of the Kepulauan Seribu is thus a low-lying coastline, with marine waters overgrown with corals that form atolls and barrier reefs. Atoll is found in almost all islands except Pari Island, while fringing reef is found in Pari Island, Kotok Island and Tikus Island. Groundwater in the Kepulauan Seribu can be undisturbed groundwater found as well water excavated with a depth of 0.5-4 meters on some uninhabited islands. Distressed groundwater is also found in several islands, such as Pulau Pari, Pulau Untung Jawa and Pulau Kelapa (Mining Agency of DKI Jakarta). The presence of groundwater in the Kepulauan Seribu is related to the spreading of ancient river deposits that form the basis of coral growth.

The distribution of the three types of rocks according to the depth of the sea are:
1) Lime rock (coral) = 0-10 m
2) Sand and coral rocks = 10-20 m
3) Sandstone and sediment => 20 m

Soil type of land in the form of coral sand which is weathering of limestone coral reef with a thickness of generally <1 m and in some places can reach 5 m thickness, coral sand is a gray (detrital) grayish white, loose. In some islands, especially on coastal plains often overgrown by mangrove trees so that found a layer of organic soil is very soft comes from weathering plants and materials carried by the ocean currents and stuck at the roots of mangrove trees.

The depth of the sea in the Kepulauan Seribu National Park area, ranges from 0-40 m, except in the waters south of Opak Kecil Island and the narrow strait between Gosong Congkak with Gosong Bush leaves is 50-70 m.

Climate type A (Schmidt dan Ferguson)
26.5′-28.5’C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check… 





Identification The types of vegetation that can be found in the Thousand Islands Marine National Park are sea pandanus (Pandanus tectorius), butun (Barringtonia asiatica), sea pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), Morinda citrifolia, Sentigi (Pemphis acidula), ketapang (Terminalia Catappa ) and seruni (Wedelia biflora).

The original mangrove ecosystem in the Thousand Islands National Park area is only found in 11 islands, West Penjaliran Island, East Sawing, Maize, Sebaru Besar, West Puteri, Pengagaran, Melintang, Saktu, Harapan, Kelapa, Tongkeng.

There are 15 types of true mangrove that is, Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lam., Bruguiera cylindrica (L.) Blume, Ceriops tagal C.B. Rob, Rhizophora stylosa Griff., Rhizophora apiculata Blume., Sonneratia alba J. Sm., Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl., Lumnitzera racemosa Willd., Xylocarpus granatum Koen., Xylocarpus molluccensis (Lam.) M. Roem., Xylocarpus rumphii (Kostel.) Mabb., Aegiceras corniculatum L. Blanco, Pemphis acidulata JR Forst. & G. Forst., Excoecaria agallocha L ..

The most dominant type of mangrove in this Park area is Rhizophora stylosa Griff. For the type of marine plants, this area is covered with 7 types of seagrass and 18 species of algae (seaweed).

The types of seagrass that can be identified are Thalassia hemprichii (Ehrenb.) Asch., Cymodocea rotundata Ehrenb. & Hempr. ex Asch., Cymodocea serrulata (R.Br.) Asch. & Magnus, Enhalus acoroides (L.F.) Royle, Halophila ovalis (R. Brown) J.D. Hooker, Syringodium isoetifolium (Ascherson) Dandy, Halodule uninervis (Forsk.) Asch.

While the type of algae (seaweed) can be separated into three groups, namely 9 types of green algae (Chlorophyta), 3 types of brown algae (Phaeophyta) and 6 types of red algae (Rhodophyta).

Coral reefs: massive corals such as Montastrea and Labophyllia, table coral, gorgonia, leaf coral, mushroom coral, soft coral species. .a 29 genera with an abundance of 62,985 individuals / ha. Acropora tabulate, Acropora branching, Acropora digitate, Acropora submassive, branching, massive, encrusting, submassive, foliose and soft coral.
Acropora sp., Porites sp., Favia sp., Gorgonian sp., And Root Bahar or Black Coral (Antiphates sp.) Appendix 2 CITES.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in Jakarta
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here


Identification This National Park has a unique natural resources that is the natural beauty of the sea with unique coral ecosystems such as coral reefs, ornamental fish and fish consumption, echinoderms, crustaceans, mollusks, turtles, marine and terrestrial plants, mangroves, seagrass, and others .

coral fish: kepe-kepe (family Chaetodontide), fish serinding (family Apogonidae), fish betok (family Pomacentride), red tail fish (family Caesiodidae) … (in waters of TNKpS region in 2007 in Core Zone waters 29,382 individuals fish / ha, waters of tourism utilization zone of 49,600 fish / ha, and settlement zone zones of 32,280 fish / ha)

fish consumption: baronang (Siganus sp.), mackerel (Scomberomorus sp.), yellow tail fish (Caesio spp.), grouper (Family Serranidae), tuna (Eutynus sp.).

Reptiles: Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), python (Phyton sp.) And lizard (Varanus sp.), …

Mammals: forest cats (Felis bengalis), bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus).

Other: Molluscs (soft animals) encountered consisting of Gastropoda, Pelecypoda, giant clams (Tridacna gigas), clams of scales (Tridacna squamosa), kima sisik (Tridacna squamosa), kima sand (Hippopus hippopus), giant clams (T. gigas) , … (There are about 295 types of Gastropoda, 97 species Pelecypoda, 20 species of Bivalves) as well as some types of Chepalopoda such as squid (Loligo vulgaris), cuttlefish (Sepia sp.), Octopus sp.

Echinodermata are often found among them are sea stars, sea lilies, sea cucumbers and sea urchins which is also an indicator of coral reef damage.

Crustaceans are widely consumed, among others, crabs, crabs (Portumus sp.) And crayfish (Spiny lobster).

Bird: gull (Sterna sp.) And cikalang (Fregata spp.).

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Overview of fauna in Jakarta
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here


  1.; Juli 2017
  2.; Juli 2017
  3.; Juli 2017
  4.; Juli 2017
  5.; Juli 2017
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link:
  2. Pengembangan Kawasan Pariwisata Terpadu di Kepulauan Seribu; Abdur Razak dan Rimadewi Suprihardjo, Jurusan Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) 2013 (Link:
  3. BIODIVERSITAS FLORA-FAUNA DI JAKARTA; Dewi Elfidasari Universitas AL Azhar Indonesia, 2015 (Link:

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