|Identification||Fish; It is estimated that there are 2000 species of fish within the Bunaken National Park whose life depends on coral reefs (Mehta, 1999). Among them are: butterfly fish (Forcipiger longirostris, Chaetodon kleinii, Hemitaurichthys polylepis), parrots, coolies, fairy fish, red toothpick fish, bannerfishes, damsel fish, sharks (Taimura lymma, Aetobatus narinari), sea eels (Gymnothorax javanicus, Rhinomuraena quaesita), catfish (Plotosus lineatus), milkfish (Chanos chanos), buntal fish, soldier fish (Myripristis murdjan), pygmy special kate horses (hippocampus sp), chicken lepu, lolosi fish, lionfish (Pterois volitans), flutemouths (Aulostomus chinensis), groupers (Epinephelus merra, E. fasciatus, E. lancelatus, Cromileptes altivelis, Anyperodon leucogrammicus, Aethaloperca rogaa, Cephalopholis miniata, C. argus, C. urodeta) napoleon, fairy basslets, or anthias (Pseudanthias pleurotaenia, Pseudanthias squammipinnis), barracuda, cardinal fish (Apogon novemfasciatus), fish bobara (Gnathanodon speciosus, Caranx melampygus, Selaroides nigrofasciata, S. leptolepis), t rout (Variola louti), gobies, etc.|
The strange species of fish caught in the Bunaken National Park are the Raja Laut Laut (Latimeria menadoensis) found in 1998 in front of the waters of Manado Tua Island.
Molluska; There are several types of mollusks in the area of Bunaken National Park which each type has its own uniqueness. Kima kima Giant (Tridacna gigas) is the largest type of shell that can grow up to 1.5 meters in length with a life span of up to 200 years. Molluskas found in the region include Gastropods including sea slugs, cone snails, nudibrancia, finger shells, Cowri shells and Cepalopoda including squid, rock squid, squid screens (Nautilus pompillus) and blue ring octopus (Hapalochlaena maculose). In general they live in deep waters with a fairly cold water temperature along the tube.
Reptiles; Other types of reptiles to date have not been much detailed and definite information about other types of reptiles in the Bunaken National Park area other than lizards (lizards) or some types of snakes either venomous or non-venomous.
Ecinodermata; The types of ecinoderms found in Bunaken National Park are Sea Star, including Star of Thorny Sea (Acanthaster planci), Snake Star, Babi Pig Raja, Teripang, and Lili Laut.
Land Mammals; Wild mammals are still commonly found in the Bunaken National Park area. On the island of Manado Tua there is a population of black macaques (Macaca nigra) and cuscus (Phalanger celebensis). As on the island Mantehage according to the information society sometimes still found deer and tarsius. There are also some bats, weasels and black rats.
Black monkeys are endemic to Sulawesi and are categorized endangered species and are listed in Appendix II of CITES. In the Bunaken National Park this type of population is found on the island of Manado Tua.
Tarsius (Tarsius spectrum) is classified as primitive primate with a body weight of about 10 grams. Has a big eye that can see clearly in the dark and very sensitive ears. Their necks can rotate 1800. The length of its hind legs is twice as high as its body; this makes it easy to jump from tree to tree. In the area of Bunaken National Park, they can be found on the island of Manado Tua, Bunaken and Mantehage and Manembo-nembo Wildlife Reserve bordering the southern part of Bunaken National Park area.
There are at least 30 species of seabirds within the Bunaken National Park area. Many species of birds are nesting and feeding within the Area, especially the Sea Seagull, the Sea Swamp Crane and the catcher. While the types of land birds such as sparrows, drongi, crows and owls are also found in the area of Bunaken National Park.
Marine Mammals; Types of marine mammals that can be found in the area of Bunaken National Park are dugongs, whales and dolphins. Dugongs (Dugong-dugon) are found around the Arakan-Wawontulap waters area filled with seagrass beds. Whales and dolphins are categorized in the Cetacean family. there are at least 14 species that can be found in the Bunaken National Park area including 7 species of dolphins: Long Nose Dolphin (Stenella longirostris), Bottleneck Bottom (Tursiops truncatus), Ordinary Dolphins (Delphinus sp.), Risso dolphins (Grampus griseus), Fraser dolphins (Lagenodelphishosei), Large dolphin dolphins (Steno bredanensis) and Pantropis dolphins (Stenellaattenuata); 5 species of blackfish “Killer Whales, Fake Killer Whales, kate Killer Whales, Melon Head Whales and Short Fins Pilot Whales. As well as 2 types of large toothed whales are Blue Whale and Sperm Whale Kate.
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