Bukit Barisan (South) National Park


Gov.RegulationDecree of the Minister of Forestry No 736/Mentan/X/82
DateOktober 14,1982
Large (Hektar)356.800
Technical implementation UnitBalai Taman Nasiona Bukit Barisan Selatan
NoteBukit Barisan Selatan National Park is a national park aimed at protecting the tropical rainforests of Sumatra island along with its own biological riches. UNESCO makes National Park Bukit Barisan Selatan as World Heritage.

Bukit Barisan Selatan was declared a Wildlife Reserve Reserve in 1935 and became a National Park in 1982. Initially the size of the park was 356,800 hectares. But the current park area calculated using GIS is approximately 324,000 Ha.

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is located at the southwestern tip of Sumatra. Seventy percent of parks (249,552 hectares) are included in the administrative area of ​​West Lampung and Tanggamus areas, both of which are part of Lampung Province. The rest of the park covers 74,822 hectares (23% of the total park area) and is located in the Kaur area of ​​Bengkulu province. South Sumatra is also very important for overlapping park borders with provincial borders.

The Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is covered by the Global 200 Ecoregions, which is the most striking land, sea, and sea habitat on earth, from a biological perspective made by WWF. The park is highlighted as a priority area for Sumatran rhino conservation through the WWF’s Asian Rhino and Elephant Action Strategy (AREAS) program. In addition, IUCN, WCS and WWF have identified the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park as the Tiger Conservation Unit (Wikramanayake, et al., 1997), the most important forest area for tiger conservation in the world.

Finally, in 2002, UNESCO has chosen this area to be proposed as a World Heritage Cluster Mountainous Area along with Gunung Leuser National Park and Kerinci Seblat.

The type of ecosystem in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park covers:

  1. The coastal forest covers approximately 1% of the total area (3,568 Ha),
  2. Lowland rain forest (0-500 m asl) includes 45% (160,560 Ha),
  3. Hill forest (500-1000 m above sea level) ± 34% (121,312 Ha),
  4. Lowland rain forest (60,656 Ha),
  5. Lowland rain forest (60,656 Ha).


  1. Propinsi Bengkulu
  2. Propinsi Lampung
City/Regency1.1 Kabupaten Kaur; 1.2 Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan;

2.1 Kabupaten Lampung Barat; 2.2 Kabupaten Tanggamus

District1.1.1 …?;

1.2.1 …?

2.1.1 Kecamatan Batu Brak; 2.1.2 Kecamatan Balik Bukit; 2.1.3 Kecamatan Karya Penggawa; 2.1.4 Kecamatan Way Krui; 2.1.5 Kecamatan Pesisir Tengah; 2.1.6 Kecamatan Krui Selatan; 2.1.7 Kecamatan Pesisir Selatan; 2.1.8 Kecamatan Bengkunat Belimbing; …

2.2.1 Kecamatan Semaka; 2.2.2 Kecamatan Pematang Sawa…



Elevation (mDpl)
0 -1964
The area of ​​Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is located at the southern end of the Bukit Barisan mountain range, so it has a fairly varied topography that starts flat, ramps, bumpy, steep hills and mountainous. The eastern slope is quite steep while the western slope towards the Indian Ocean is somewhat gentle. Based on Slopes And Soil Ability of Lampung Province, this national park area is unstable because it is located in the main fault zone of Sumatera (Zona Sesar Semangka).

The area of ​​Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park according to the Geological Map of Sumatera created by the Soil Research Institute (1965), consists of Sedimentary Rocks (Bottom Miosin, Neogen, Old Paleocic, Aluvium), Volcanic Rocks (Recent, Kuatener Tua, Andesit Tua, Basa Intermediates) and Plutonic Rock (Rock Acid). The most widely spread rock is the Volcanic Rock located in the Central and North parts of the national park.

Based on Land Map made by Soil Research Institute of Bogor (1976), land in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park consists of 6 types of land that is Aluvial, Rensina, Latosol, Podsolik Red Yellow and 2 types of Andosol. The most widespread soil is the type of Podsolik Red Yellow which has the physical properties and erosion-prone.

20′-28’C;  Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check… 


Mt. Seminung; Mt. Sekincau; Mt. Tanggamus; Mt Pesagi;
Lake Ranau; Lake Suoh; Hijau Lake;
River Pemerihan


IdentificationIn general 514 have been identified species of trees and plants with the dominant type of family Dipterocarpaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Fagaceae, Annonaceae, and Meliaceae. Besides, there are at least 15 species of bamboo from 5 (five) genera, namely Bambussa, Dendrocalamus, Dinochloa, Gigantochloa, and Schizatochyum, 26 types of rattan and 126 species of orchids from 59 genera, some of which have been cultivated, including the moon orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis) orchid necklace (Coelogyne dayana), and pigeon orchid (Dendrobium crumenatum).

From the inventory of 157 species of plants in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park can be used as medicinal plants, such as pasak bumi (Eurycoma longifolia), and pulai (Alstonia scholaris). This National Park is also a habitat for unique flowering plants, rare and still in the process of evolution, the rafflesia (Rafflesia sp) and 2 (two) types of Amorphophallus titanum and Amorphophallus deculsilvae

Common vegetations found in wetlands and coastal areas are Terminalia cattapa, Hibiscus sp, Baringtonia asiatica, Callophyllum inophyllum, Casuania sp, Pandanus sp, and Ficus septica.

The lowland rain forest is dominated by Shorea sp, Dipterocarpus sp, and Hopea sp, with lower plant species including Urophyllum sp, Phrynium sp, Korthalsi sp, and Calamus sp.

The hill forest is dominated by the Dipterocarpaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, and Annonaceae family with Neolitsea cassianeforia, Psychotria rhinocerotis, Areaca sp, and Globba pendella.

The lower mountain rainforests are inhabited by species of the Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Dipterocarpaceae and Fagaceae families, such as Magnolia sp, Quercus sp, and Garcinia sp. While the high mountain rain forest is dominated by Eugenia sp, and Castanopsis sp.

The sea weed species are found on the southern coast of Sumatra, such as Sargasum gracillum, S. echinocarpum, Acanthopora specifesa, Hypnea musciformis, and Turbinaria ornata, while sea weed Thallasis sp species live along the bay of Belimbing.

This national park area is also an important habitat for various types of plants that have tardisional utilization, such as the type of resin producer of cat’s eye resin (Shorea javanica), damar stone (S. Ovalis), and jelutung (Dyera costulata). In addition there are 11 Sumatran endemic flora, namely Bacaurea multiflora, Madhuca magnifolia, Memecylon multiflorum, Drypetes subsymetrica, Drypetes simalurensis, Ryparosa multinervosa and others.

More search required …

Overview of flora in Bengkulu&Lampung
Tree===> click here
Non Tree===> click here
Coral===> click here


IdentificationIn general there are at least 90 species of mammals including 7 species of primates, 322 species of birds including 9 species of hornbill, 51 species of fish and 52 species of herpetofauna (reptiles and amphibians) live in the region.

Mammals; Among others, the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrensis), ajag (cuon alpinus), Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), sambar deer (Cervus unicolor), mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus), buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) tapir (Tapirus indicus), sun bear (Helarctos malayanus), bats (Pteropus vampyrus) …

Primates: ungko (Hylobates agilis), gibbons (H. syndactylus), hoops (Presbytis melalophos fuscamurina), splinters (Presbytis melalophos), tarsiers (Tarsius bancanus), …

Bird; Among other dwarf kuaus (Polyplectron chalcurum), gigantic pitta (Pitta caeurella), and there are also bird species that have been reported to have not been recovered since 1916 and are currently found in the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, the Tokthor Sunda species (Carpococyx viridis)…

Reptile; Among other hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), and leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)….

More search required …

Overview of fauna in Bengkulu&Lampung
Amfibian===> click here
Bird===> click here
Fish===> click here
Insect===> click here
Mammalia===> click here
Primata===> click here
Reptil===> click here
Invertebrata===> click here


  1. tnbbs.org; Juli 2017
  2. tfcasumatera.org; Juli 2017
  3. id.wikipedia.org; Juli 2017
  4. pedomanwisata.com; Juli 2017
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link:  drive.google.com )
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. KEANEKARAGAMAN FLORA DI TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT BARISAN SELATAN, PROVINSI LAMPUNG; Deby Arifianidan Ridha Mahyuni 2012 (link: drive.google.com)
  5. Deforestation in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia; Suyadi IPB 2011 (link: drive.google.com)
  6. …?

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