Batang Gadis National Park




Gov.RegulationDecree of the minister of Forestry No 126/Menhut-II/2004
DateApril 29, 2004
Large (Hektar)108.000
Technical implementation UnitBalai Taman Nasional Batang Gadis
NoteBatang Gadis national park is a combination of several state forests that have been established since the Dutch era, namely; Protection Forest Register 4 Batang Gadis I, group I, II and III (1921). Protection Forest Register 5 Batang Gadis II, groups I and II (1921). Protection Forest Register 27 Christmas Rod (1924). Protection Forest Register 28 Christmas Rod II (1924). Protection Forest Register 29 Batahan Hulu, (1924). Protection Forest Register 36 Trunk Parlampungan I, (1924). And on the initiative and encouragement of the community and local government, in 2004 the Minister of Forestry changed the function of this area into Batang Gadis National Park.The purpose of establishing a national park is to save wildlife and natural habitats, as well as a symbol of recognition of local wisdom values ​​in managing forests. One of them is evidenced by the prohibition or naborgo-borgo or the prohibition of rarangan or forest ban, are some examples of local wisdom that until now still sustainable.

This establishment is also very important given that the rate of destruction of natural forest in the province is already at a very alarming level. Based on data from the Ministry of Forestry in 2003, forest destruction in the region reached 3.8 million ha per year. Forest destruction in North Sumatra alone reached 76 thousand ha per year in the period 1985 – 1998.

Until the end of November 2004 forest damage caused by illegal logging and forest fires in North Sumatra reached 694,295 ha, for protected forests reached 207,575 ha, 32,500 ha conservation forest, mangrove forest 54 220 ha and production forest of about 400,000 ha.

The establishment of this national park is also not solely government efforts, but the efforts of the community and non-government organizations such as BITRA Indonesia, Conservation International Indonesia (CII), the Indonesian Forum for Environment (Walhi) of North Sumatra, PUSAKA Indonesia, Leuser Lestari Foundation (YLL), Oceans Foundation and others.


ProvinceSumatera Utara
City/RegencyKabupaten Mandailing Natal
  1. Kecamatan Sinunukan
  2. Kecamatan Ranto Baek
  3. Kecamatan Batang Natal
  4. Kecamatan Pakantan
  5. Kecamatan Ulu Pungkut
  6. Kecamatan Kotanopan
  7. Kecamatan Panyabungan Selatan
  8. Kecamatan Puncak Sorik Marapi
Village68 village…?


Elevation (mDpl);
type climate (Schmit&Ferguson)
–; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …


Mt. Sorik Marapi
River Batang Gadis


IdentificationBased on the study there are 225 species of vascular plants or about 1% of all vascular plants in Indonesia. Here are some unique and rare plants in the Mandailing area: the Padma (Rafflesia arnoldi), Semar (Shorea spp), Lime (Dryobalanops spp), Agathis (Agathis spp), and several other plant species known name…more search required …?
overview of flora in North Sumatra
Tree===> click here
Non Tree===> click here
Coral===> click here


IdentificationMammals: recorded 42 species of them are the Sumatran tiger (panther tigris), the leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), the forest dog (Cuon alpinus), the golden cat (Catopuma temminckii), the stone cat (Felis marmorata), tapir (Tapirus indicus), the jungle goat (Capricornis sumateraensis), deer (Cervus unicolor), deer (Munticus muntjak), hedgehog (Hystrix brachyuran), yellow throat caterpillar (Matres Falvigula), pangolin (Manis javanica), and sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) …Primates: Beruk (Macaca nemestrina), ungko (Hylobates sp), long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis), siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus), ..

Birds: There are approximately 247 species of birds recorded in Batang Gadis National Park, with its found About ten species of hornbill / hornbill in Sumatra, namely Buceros spp, Antharaceros spp, Anorrhinus spp, Aceros spp. Making it one of the most important National Parks of its existence …

Amphibians: there are three-horned frogs (Megophys nasuta), and sensilia (lchtyophis sp), a kind of frog that does not belong to the subsurers of the subsurface in the forest of wet forest floors in Sumatra and the Great Sunda …

Reptiles: among which are recorded king cobras (Ophiophagus Hannah) …

Insect: also found some butterfly species such as Ornithoptera sp and Troides sp.

more search required …?

overview of fauna in North Sumatra
Amfibian===> click here
Bird===> click here
Fish===> click here
Insect===> click here
Mammalia===> click here
Primata===> click here
Reptil===> click here
Invertebrata===> click here


  1.; September 2017
  2.; September 2017
  3.; September 2017
  4.; September 2017
  5.; September 2017
  6.; September 2017
  7. …?
  1. …?
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link:
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (
  3. Rencana Strategis Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Sumatera Utara tahun 2013-2018;  (
  4. KAJIAN KONFLIK KOMUNITAS LOKAL ATAS PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA ALAM KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL BATANG GADIS; Conservation International Indonesia, bekerjasama dengan DEPARTEMEN ANTROPOLOGI, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Sumatera Utara, 2009 (
  5. ANALISIS KAWASAN DAN PERUBAHAN PENUTUPAN LAHAN TAMAN NASIONAL BATANG GADIS, KABUPATEN MANDAILING NATAL SUMATERA UTARA; Benteng H. Sihombing, Univ. Simalungun Sumatera Utara, Medan; M. Sumaryono, Laboratorium Perencanaan Hutan Fahutan Unmul, Samarinda; 2009 (
  6. KONFLIK LAHAN TAMAN NASIONAL BATANG GADIS (TNBG) DI KAWASAN PUNCAK SORIKMARAPI MANDAILING NATAL SUMATERA UTARA; Edi&Saifullah Hanif, Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan, Pascasarjana Universitas Sumatera Utara, tahun…?(
  7. Populasi dan Habitat Ungko (Hylobates agilis) di Taman Nasional Batang Gadis, Sumatera Utara; Tuah Malem Bangun, Program Studi Mayor Primatologi, Sekolah Pascasarjana, IPB; Sri Supraptini Mansjoer, Pusat Studi Satwa Primata, Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, IPB; M. Bismark, Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan, Departemen Kehutanan; 2009 (

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!