Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park


Gov.RegulationDecree of the Minister of Forestry No 398/Menhut-II/2004
DateOktober 18,2004
Large (Hektar)43.750
Technical implementation UnitBalai Taman Nasional Bantimurung-Bulusaraung
  • July – October 1857, Wallace explores in Bantimurung. In 1869, he published “The Malay Archipelago”. Thereafter, much research in Maros;
    In the era of 1970-1980, the area of ​​Karst Maros-Pangkep has been designated 5 units of conservation area of ​​± 11,906.9 Ha, namely Bantimurung Nature Park, Pattunuang Cave Nature Park, Bantimurung Nature Reserve, Karaenta Nature Reserve and Bulusaraung Nature Reserve ;
  • 1989, the South Sulawesi Department of Forestry proposes to become Hasanuddin National Park;
  • 1993, the XI Congress of the International Union of Speleology recommended Karst Maros-Pangkep as a World Heritage;
  • The National Conservation Plan-1995 contains candidates for Hasanuddin National Park covering 86,682 Ha;
  • 1997, Karst Environment Seminar PSL-UNHAS recommends protection of Maros-Pangkep Karst;
  • 1999, KSDA Unit of South Sulawesi I & Unhas carries out potential assessments of potential Hasanuddin National Park;
  • May 2001, the IUCN Asia Regional Office and UNESCO World Heritage Center held The Asia-Pacific Forum on Karst Ecosystems and World Heritage in Gunung Mulu, Serawak, Malaysia. This forum provides recommendations to the Government of Indonesia for the Karst Maros Pangkep area to be a conservation area;
  • November 2001, Bapedal Reg. III held the Maros-Pangkep Karst Symposium. and the Forum recommends the Karst Maros-Pangkep area to National Parks & World Heritage;
  • 2002, In order to change the function of forest area, the Integrated Team was formed by the South Sulawesi Provincial Government;
  • 2002-2004, the integrated Team performs its duties until the recommendation of the Bupati, DPRD & the Governor;
  • 2004, the Minister of Forestry issued Decree No. 398 / Menhut-II / 2004 dated October 18, 2004 on the change of forest area function in the Bantimurung – Balusaraung Forest Group covering ± 43,750 (forty three thousand seven hundred fifty) hectares consisting of an area of ​​± 10,282.65 (ten thousand two hundred eighty two sixty five percent) hectare, Natural Park of the Area of ​​± 1,624.25 (one thousand six hundred twenty four twenty five percent) hectare, Protected Forest covering ± 21,343.10 (twenty one thousand three hundred and forty-three ten percent) hectare, Limited Production Forest covering ± 145 (one hundred and forty five) hectares, and Permanent Production Forest covering an area of ​​± 10,355 (ten thousand three hundred fifty five) hectares located in Maros and Pangkep regencies, South Sulawesi Province as Bantimurung National Park – Bulusaraung.


ProvinceSulawesi Selatan
  1. Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang
  2. Kota Pare-pare
  3. Kabupaten Soppeng
  4. Kabupaten Barru
  5. Kabupaten Bone
  6. Kabupaten Baros
  7. Kabupaten Pangkajene dan Kepulauan
District1.1 Kecamatan Watang Pulu; 1.2 Kecamatan Tellulimpo E; 1.3 Kecamatan Panca Lautang

2.1 Kecamatan Bacukiki

3.1 Kecamatan Mario Riawa; 3.2 Kecamatan Donri-donri; 3.3 Kecamatan Lalabata; 3.4 Kecamatan Mario Riwawo

4.1 Kecamatan Mallusetasi; 4.2 Kecamatan Balusu; 4.3 Kecamatan Barru; 4.4 Kecamatan Tanete Riaja; 4.5 Kecamatan Pujananting

5.1 Kecamatan Tellu Limpoe; 5.2 Kecamatan Lappariaja

6.1 Kecamatan Mallawa; 6.2 Kecamatan Camba; 6.3 Kecamatan Bantimurung; 6.4 Kecamatan Cenrana

7.1 Kecamatan Balocci; 7.2 Kecamatan Tondong Tallasa; 7.3 Kecamatan Bungoro; 7.4 Kecamatan Minasatene



Elevasi (mDpl)
As in most areas with karst landscape, the surface of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park area varies from flat, bumpy, hilly to mountainous. The mountainous part of the area lies on the northeast side of the area or is located in the Bulusaraung Mountain Block in Mallawa Sub-District Maros Regency and mt.Bulusaraung itself in Balocci Sub-district of Pangkep Regency. This side is characterized by high relief topography appearance, steep slope shape and rugged topographic texture.

The hilly area is characterized by a fine and medium topography of relief and texture, medium to low slope shape, dull hollow shape with narrow valleys to widen. These hilly areas can be grouped into intrusion hills, sedimentary hills and karst hills. The terrain with terrain topography is characterized by a flat to medium surface and slightly wavy terrain, low relief and smooth topographic texture. This form of surface is often found among the karst hills in the form of a tower.

type climate…? (Schmidt&Ferguson)
–; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…



Mt Bulusaraung (1.353 m.dpl)
River Walanae


IdentificationThere are also 709 species of natural plants registered in Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park until 2015, including 6 species of protected natural plants, namely Ebony (Diospyros celebica), Palem (Livistona chinensis and Livistona sp.), Orchids (Ascocentrum miniatum, Phalaenopsis amboinensis and Dendrobium macrophyllum). In addition, there are 116 species of natural orchids and 43 types of ficus.

In the lower mountain forests found Litsea sp., Agathis philippinensis, Ficus spp. and others.

The high content of calcium and magnesium from limestone that dominates the karst area in Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park area, causing limited plant species that can live on the ecosystem. In karst habitat there are several types of plants such as Palanqium sp., Calophylumsp., Leea indica, Sapotaceae, Polyalthia insignis, Pangium edule, Aleurites moluccana, Celastroceae, Cinnamomum sp., Leea aculata, Litsea ascendens, Eugenia acutangulate, Mallotus sp., Mangifera sp., Rubiaceae, Ficus sp., Macaranga sp., Nauclea orientalis, Anthocepalus cadamba, Anthocepalus cinensis, and Cassia siamea.

The types that grow in non rainforest habitats include dipterocarpaceae Ebony (Diospyros celebica), Bitti (Vitex cofassus), Nyato (Palaquium obtusifolium), Cendrana (Pterocarpus indicus), Beringin (Ficusspp.), Sterqulia foetida, Dao (Dracontomelon dao), Aren (Arenga pinnata), Colona sp., Dillenia serrata, Pecan (Alleurites moluccana), Bayur (Pterospermum celebicum), Mangifera spp., Kenanga (Cananga odoratum), Duabanga moluccana, Eugenia spp., Garcinia spp., Zizigium cumini, Arthocarpus spp., Buchanania arborescens, Anthocepalus cadamba, Myristica sp., Knema sp., and Calophyllum inophyllum.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in South Celebest
Tree===> click here
Non Tree===> click here
Coral===> click here


IdentificationMammals: recorded 33 species of mammals and primates, including Pteropus genus Bats, Sulawesi Cuscus (Strigocuscus celebencis) and Bear Cuscus (Ailurops ursinus), Musang Sulawesi (Macrogalidia musschenbroeckii …

Primate: Dare / Black Monkey Sulawesi (Macaca maura). Kamajaya Shagir. In Sulawesi there are 11 types of tarsiers, namely T. tarsier, T. fuscus, T. sangirensis, T. pumilus, T. dentatus, T. pelengensis, T. lariang, T. tumpara, T. wallacei and 2 known types of species different but not yet named (Groves and Shekelle 2010) …

Birds: Recorded 154 species of birds, including Rangkong Sulawesi (Aceros cassidix), Kangkareng Sulawesi (Penelopides exarhatus), Elang, Kutilang (Pycnonotus aurigaster), Kurcica (Saxicola caprata), Raja Udang (Halcyon chloris), Punai (Treron sp.) , Woodpecker (Dicrocarpus teiminkii), Srigunting (Dicrurus hottentotus), Swallow (Collocalia spp.), Owls (Otus manadensis), Sparrow 3 types (Loncura molucca, Loncura malacca, and Loncura vallida), Turtles (Micropaga amboinensis) Capili (Turacaena manadensis), Yellow Crested Yellow Coconut (Cacatua sulphurea), Green Coconut “Danga” (Tanignatus sumatranus), and Chicken Forest (Ghallus gallus) …

Reptiles: recorded 30 species of reptiles. Based on the survey results found 24 types of reptiles Among the species encountered, including Sulawesi endemic species such as Head Snake Two (Cylindrophis melanotus), Calamaria muelleri and Cicak Forest (Cyrtodactylus jellesmae). An aquatic lizard called Soa-soa (Hydrosaurus amboinensis) can be found basking in large rocks along the river in Pattunuang. Another type that can be found is the flying lizard (Draco sp.) …

Amphibia: recorded 17 species of amphibians, 13 species of frogs, including 3 unidentified species. Bufo celebensis and Rana celebensis. In Bontosiri (the Bulusaraung Mountains), the frogs of Limnonectes modestus lay their eggs on the leaves of the lower plants along the river, and sometimes there are males keeping their eggs …

Fish: carrying 23 species of fish, …

Invertebrates: 41 types of gastropods, 6 species of oligochaeta, 26 malacostraca species, 14 species of arachnids, 53 species of entognatha, 2 types of parainsecta and

Insecta: 331 types of insecta (240 species of butterfly / Papilionoidea that have been identified to the species level). Among them are 52 important species that are protected by law and 364 species of Sulawesi endemic. Mattimu (1977) reported that there are 103 species of butterflies that he found in Bantimurung tourist forest, with endemic species such as: Papilio blumei, P. polites, P.sataspes, Troides haliphron, T. helena, T. hypolitus, and Graphium androcles. Achmad (1998) has been researching specifically the habitat and pattern of commercial spread of butterflies in Bantimurung tourist forest for one year. He also informed that the Troides Haliphron and Papilio blumei butterflies are two endemic species that have very narrow distribution, ie only in forested habitats on the banks of the river. Meanwhile, in the year 2010 – 2015 Bantimurung Bulusaraung has successfully identified 240 species of butterflies (Papilionoidea) scattered in several locations…

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in South Celebest
Amfibian===> click here
Bird===> click here
Fish===> click here
Insect===> click here
Mammalia===> click here
Primata===> click here
Reptil===> click here
Invertebrata===> click here


  1.; September 2017
  2.; September 2017
  3.; September 2017
  4.; September 2017
  5.; September 2017
  6. …?
  1. …?
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (
  3. PENGELOLAAN DAN POTENSI EKO WISATA DI TAMAN NASIONAL BANTIMURUNG BULUSARAUNG; Lusiani Ferelia Halim, Mahasiswa Magister Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan Universitas Brawijaya Malang, 2016 (
  4. KONFLIK PADA KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL BANTIMURUNG BULUSARAUNG PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN DAN UPAYA PENYELESAIANNYA; Abd. Kadir W. , Nurhaedah M. & Rini Purwanti, Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, 2013 (
  5. …?

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